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The purpose of the study is to help determine if either crystalloid solution or colloid solution is more advantageous as a resuscitative fluid in post-operative pediatric cardiac patients.
The study is designed to help detect if there is an advantage in giving one type of resuscitative fluid versus another in the setting of post-operative pediatric cardiac patients. The two types of fluid being compared are crystalloid solution (normal saline) and colloid solution (5% albumin). The primary outcome measurement will be how much volume of each type of fluid will be required in order to maintain hemodynamic stability as determined by mean arterial blood pressure within predetermined parameters. Other secondary outcomes will include determinations of lactate clearance, inotropic support requirements, urine output, peripheral and pulmonary edema that occurs post-operatively, and the over all costs for each fluid based on number of required boluses and number of hours on mechanical ventilation.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
5% albumin or normal saline administration for post operative hypotension
The Monroe Carell, Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt
Active, not recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:38:57-0400
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Albumin is widely used during and after on-pump cardiac surgery, although it is unclear whether this therapy improves clinical outcomes.
A condition in which albumin level in blood (SERUM ALBUMIN) is below the normal range. Hypoalbuminemia may be due to decreased hepatic albumin synthesis, increased albumin catabolism, altered albumin distribution, or albumin loss through the urine (ALBUMINURIA).
Normal human serum albumin mildly iodinated with radioactive iodine (131-I) which has a half-life of 8 days, and emits beta and gamma rays. It is used as a diagnostic aid in blood volume determination. (from Merck Index, 11th ed)
Removal of plasma and replacement with various fluids, e.g., fresh frozen plasma, plasma protein fractions (PPF), albumin preparations, dextran solutions, saline. Used in treatment of autoimmune diseases, immune complex diseases, diseases of excess plasma factors, and other conditions.
Tumors in any part of the heart. They include primary cardiac tumors and metastatic tumors to the heart. Their interference with normal cardiac functions can cause a wide variety of symptoms including HEART FAILURE; CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS; or EMBOLISM.
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