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A Controlled Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Aerobic Exercise as an Augmentation Therapy for Inpatients With Major Depressive Disorder

2014-08-27 03:38:57 | BioPortfolio

Summary

We will evaluate the effect of a short-term aerobic exercise program as an adjuvant treatment in patients with depression undergoing standard clinical antidepressant medication therapy as compared to the effect of stretching exercise. In addition, the effect of exercise on plasma biological markers will be examined and observed changes correlated with clinical antidepressant effects. We hypothesize that the aerobic exercise group will achieve a significantly higher response rates of depressive symptoms, will also have a greater degree of change in the plasma markers, than the control stretching group.

Description

The patients will be randomly assigned to 3 weeks of augmentation therapy (in addition to the antidepressant medication, which will be continued) with either: 1) aerobic exercise or 2) stretching exercise (control group). Random assignment to each group will be stratified according to previous response to treatment as determined by a psychiatrist and review of the Antidepressant Treatment History Form (ATHF) and by gender.

Severity of depression will be rated at the first baseline visit and every week during the exercise program using the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAM-D 21 items), Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI) (observer-rated) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Visual Analog Scale (self-rated).

Blood samples will be obtained four times during the study - before and after the first exercise session and before and after the last exercise session. The blood taken before the exercise sessions will be used to assay thyroxine, cortisol, insulin, opioid peptides and cytokines such as IL-6 and TNF-α in the plasma. The blood taken after the exercise sessions will be used to re-examine variables expected to be altered immediately after exercise such as cortisol, opioid peptides, catecholamines and cytokines.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Major Depressive Disorder

Intervention

controlled physical exercise

Location

Hadassah Medical Organization
Jerusalem
Israel

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Hadassah Medical Organization

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:38:57-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Controlled physical activity, more strenuous than at rest, which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used. The intensity of exercise is often graded, using criteria such as rate of work done, oxygen consumption, and heart rate.

A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.

Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.

A serotonin uptake inhibitor that is used as an antidepressive agent. It has been shown to be effective in patients with major depressive disorders and other subsets of depressive disorders. It is generally more useful in depressive disorders associated with insomnia and anxiety. This drug does not aggravate psychotic symptoms in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorders. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p309)

Inability to experience pleasure due to impairment or dysfunction of normal psychological and neurobiological mechanisms. It is a symptom of many PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS (e.g., DEPRESSIVE DISORDER, MAJOR; and SCHIZOPHRENIA).

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