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Malaria is a disease that affects many people in Africa. Malaria is caused by germs spread by mosquito bites. The purpose of this study is to compare the number of children who get malaria after receiving an experimental malaria vaccine (FMP2.1/AS02A) to the number of children who get malaria after receiving a vaccine for rabies (an approved vaccine that does not prevent malaria). The children will be assigned to one of the vaccine groups by chance. Participants and doctors will not know which vaccine was given. Study participants will include 400 children, ages 1-6 years, living in Bandiagara, Mali. Children will receive 3 vaccine doses, by injection, to their upper arm. Study procedures will include physical exams and several blood samples. Participants will be involved in the study for 26 months.
This is a randomized, controlled, phase II clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy, safety and immunogenicity of the apical membrane antigen-1 of Plasmodium (P.) falciparum (AMA-1) malaria vaccine FMP2.1/AS02A using rabies vaccine as a control in healthy children 1-6 years old in Bandiagara, Mali. This study is linked to DMID protocol 05-0146, which is a phase I dose escalation trial at the same site in the same population. In this study, 400 subjects will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive either 50 micrograms of FMP2.1 in 0.5 mL AS02A or rabies vaccine. Immunizations will be given on days 0, 30 and 60. Solicited adverse events will be recorded on the days of immunization and at 1, 2, 3 and 7 days after each immunization. Unsolicited adverse events will be recorded for 30 days after each immunization. Passive case detection will be used to capture clinical malaria episodes and adverse events including serious adverse events, and will occur by continuous availability of clinical care in a population with high utilization of this care. Active surveillance will be used to capture malaria infections and adverse events including serious adverse events. For active case detection, following the third dose, participants will be followed monthly for 6 months and then at 12, 18 and 24 months after randomization, for clinical assessment, malaria smear and hemoglobin. Routine monthly malaria smears will not be read immediately unless symptoms are present. Children will be followed for 2 years after the first immunization. Sera will be collected for anti-FMP2.1 antibody titers on the days of immunization and 1, 3, 6, 8, 12, 18 and 24 months after the first immunization. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) will be collected on the days of immunization, 30 days after the third immunization and 8, 12, 18 and 24 months after the first immunization. The study Final Report will be based on data collected up to 6 months after the assigned date of the third immunization. A supplemental report will include data from the entire 24-month observation period. Primary study objectives are to: determine the efficacy of FMP2.1/AS02A in children aged 1-6 years against first clinical malaria episodes (axillary temperature of greater than or equal to 37.5 degrees Celsius and parasitemia of greater than or equal to 2500/mm^3) occurring between randomization and 6 months after the assigned date of the third immunization; and assess the safety of the vaccine in children aged 1-6 years. Secondary study objectives are to: describe the dynamics of anti-AMA-1 antibody responses in recipients of the malaria vaccine compared to natural responses in the control group; determine whether serum anti-AMA-1 IgG titer by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) 1 month after the third immunization correlates with protection against clinical malaria episode; measure allele-specific efficacy against parasites with AMA-1 genotypes homologous to and heterologous to the 3D7 clone of P. falciparum; determine vaccine efficacy against clinical malaria episodes occurring between randomization and 6 months after the assigned date of the third immunization; and if efficacy is observed based on the primary endpoint, to determine vaccine efficacy against first clinical malaria episode and all clinical episodes (using increasing parasitemia thresholds) occurring during 2 years after randomization.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria
FMP2.1/AS02A, Rabies Vaccine
University of Bamako, Malaria Research and Training Center
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:39:05-0400
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A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.
A genus of protozoa that comprise the malaria parasites of mammals. Four species infect humans (although occasional infections with primate malarias may occur). These are PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; PLASMODIUM OVALE, and PLASMODIUM VIVAX. Species causing infection in vertebrates other than man include: PLASMODIUM BERGHEI; PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; P. vinckei, and PLASMODIUM YOELII in rodents; P. brasilianum, PLASMODIUM CYNOMOLGI; and PLASMODIUM KNOWLESI in monkeys; and PLASMODIUM GALLINACEUM in chickens.
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM VIVAX. This form of malaria is less severe than MALARIA, FALCIPARUM, but there is a higher probability for relapses to occur. Febrile paroxysms often occur every other day.
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