Telephone Intervention to Increase Safety in Abused Women

2014-08-27 03:39:16 | BioPortfolio


Although abuse by an intimate partner is very common and has serious negative effects on women's health, few studies have been done to test ways to increase safety for women in abusive relationships. This study will test a telephone intervention for women who report physical, emotional, and/or sexual abuse within the past 12 months, to see if

- women use more safety behaviors and access more community resources

- chronic pain, fatigue, depressive, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms affect a women’s ability to use safety behaviors and access community resources.


Women who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) are at increased risk for serious long term negative health sequelae, injury, and death. Compared to non-abused women, intimately abused women suffer significantly greater prevalence of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), as well as a host of nonspecific physical symptoms including chronic pain and fatigue (Campbell, 2002; Golding, 1999; Asmundson, Coons, Taylor, & Katz, 2002; Ehlert, Gaab, & Heinrichs, 2001; Green, Baker, Sato, Washington, & Smith, 2003; Woods, 2004). These increased negative health problems contribute to a greater prevalence of IPV among primary care patients, with current (past year) IPV rates of 15 – 28%, compared to 1.5% to 3% in epidemiologic surveys (Bauer, Rodruguez, Perez-Stable, 2000; Coker, et al., 2000; Collins, et al.,1998; Kramer, Lorenzon, Mueller, 2004; Richardson, et al., 2002; Tjaden & Thoennes, 2000). In spite of this high prevalence and serious negative health sequelae, a recent review of interventions for IPV concluded that there is a serious lack of evidence-based approaches in the primary care setting. No studies were identified that examined the effect of physical and mental health symptoms on the ability to access resources or to increase safety promoting behaviors. This intervention pilot study will speak to this gap in the research. Utilizing a randomized controlled clinical trial design, we will follow women who screen positive for current (past year) IPV at a primary care clinic in Baltimore, MD. Women in the control group will receive usual care consisting of a list of community resources for IPV. Women in the a nurse-managed/community health worker intervention group will receive usual care augmented by an individualized counseling session followed by a series of 6 telephone calls over 10 weeks. A woman’s stage of readiness for change as well as symptoms of pain, fatigue, depression, and PTSD will be evaluated as barriers to resource access and safety behavior initiation.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment


Intimate Partner Violence


Nurse/community health worker telephone intervention


The Shepherd's Clinic
United States




Johns Hopkins University

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:39:16-0400

Clinical Trials [2576 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Primary Prevention of Intimate Partner Violence in India

The goal of this study is to test and evaluate the feasibility, acceptance, safety, and efficacy of an an intimate partner violence (IPV) intervention in recently-married, low-income husba...

Bamberg Diabetes Transitional Care Pilot Study

Bamberg County residents who has been diagnosed with or is at high risk for diabetes, may be eligible for a clinical research study to improve diabetes self-management and decrease hospita...

Domestic Violence Enhanced Home Visitation Program (DOVE)

DOVE Home Visit Program is a brochure based intervention delivery by public health nurses which aims to prevent and reduce intimate partner violence against pregnant and postpartum women a...

Healing Through Education, Advocacy and Law (HEAL) in Response to Violence

This is a 3-year comparative effectiveness study funded by the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) and will test an adapted priority-based patient navigation versus care a...

IHEAL Trial: Effectiveness of a Health Promotion Intervention for Women Who Have Experienced Intimate Partner Violence

Living with an abusive partner has many negative impacts on women's health, safety and the quality of their lives. These issues often continue when women separate, or take steps to separat...

PubMed Articles [18374 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Intimate Partner Violence and Pediatric Practice.

Millions of parents, most of them mothers, are abused by an intimate partner each year in the United States. Intimate partner violence is all too common in homes with children; it's estimated that 15 ...

A Community Health Worker Intervention to Increase Childhood Disease Treatment Coverage in Rural Liberia: A Controlled Before-and-After Evaluation.

To assess a community health worker (CHW) program's impact on childhood illness treatment in rural Liberia.

Intimate partner violence among health professionals: distribution by autonomous communities in Spain.

OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of intimate partner violence among health care professionals who work in the Spanish National Health System, according to the autonomous communities of Spain. MET...

Association Between Intimate Partner Violence and Breastfeeding Duration: Results From the 2004-2014 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System.

Intimate partner violence is a major public health problem that disproportionately affects women. Current literature investigating the relationship between intimate partner violence and breastfeeding ...

Interventions in Health Settings for Male Perpetrators or Victims of Intimate Partner Violence.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is common in patients attending health-care services and is associated with a range of health problems. The majority of IPV perpetrators are men, and a substantial mino...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A pattern of assaultive and coercive behavior by an individual against their partner or spouse that may include physical injury, psychological abuse, sexual assault, progressive isolation, stalking, deprivation, intimidation, and reproductive coercion.

Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient's homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.

Community health education events focused on prevention of disease and promotion of health through audiovisual exhibits.

Evidence-based nursing, midwifery and healthcare grounded in research and scholarship. Practitioners include nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists, nurse anesthetists, and nurse midwives.

Persons trained to assist professional health personnel in communicating with residents in the community concerning needs and availability of health services.

More From BioPortfolio on "Telephone Intervention to Increase Safety in Abused Women"

Quick Search


Relevant Topics

Collaborations in biotechnology
Commercial and academic collaborations are used throughout the biotechnology and pharmaceutical sector to enhance research and product development. Collaborations can take the form of research and evaluation agreements, licensing, partnerships etc. ...

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...

Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...

Searches Linking to this Trial