Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Study based in Southern Ethiopia Purpose - to explore if children in contact with adults with TB have positive acute reactants such as IFN-y and other cytokine responses; if these responses discriminate between high and low risk of disease progression and whether these could be incorporated into improved diagnostic approaches.
The study follows children in contact with TB. Those with positive TST will be offered chemoprophylaxis and all children will be followed for 2 years to describe IFN-y responses over time, identify symptoms of active TB and if these symptoms are associated with IFN-y and other cytokine responses.
Children with suspicion of TB attending health centres will also be investigated using routine diagnostic tests and IFN-y and other cytokines responses to evaluate if the latter could be used in improved diagnostic approaches.
Observational Model: Defined Population, Observational Model: Natural History, Time Perspective: Longitudinal, Time Perspective: Prospective
Bushullo Major Health Centre
Not yet recruiting
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:39:17-0400
Tuberculosis is a major cause of mortality among AIDS patients in the developing world. The diagnosis of tuberculosis in HIV infected children is complicated by inefficient and expensive ...
The purpose of this study is to assess lung immune responses in patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and in healthy control persons who are exposed to Mycobacterium tuberculosi...
The presence of M. tuberculosis in non-invasive throat swabs of patients withdrawn for suspected tuberculosis. Hypothesis 10% of patients infected by M. tuberculosis are carrier of M. tub...
Tuberculosis and vitamin D deficiency are important public health problems in India. Before the advent of effective antitubercular therapy, patients with tuberculosis were advised treatme...
The purpose of this study is to determine the better preoperative anti-tuberculosis treatment period of patients with spinal tuberculosis.
Hypercalcemia might present itself in association with granulomatous diseases such as tuberculosis. We report a rare case of a 62-year-old man with hypercalcemia due to hepatic tuberculosis. The diagn...
Tuberculosis (TB) still is a major worldwide health problem, with 10.4 million new cases in 2016. Only 5-15% of people infected with M. tuberculosis develop TB disease while others remain latently inf...
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis poses a major threat to the success of tuberculosis control programs worldwide. Understanding how drug-resistant tuberculosis evolves can inform the development of new...
In Canada, tuberculosis disproportionately affects the foreign-born population. The national tuberculosis medical surveillance programme aims to prevent these cases. Individuals referred for further i...
Tuberculosis screening was performed for a healthy asymptomatic woman to determine whether she had been infected with active genital tuberculosis via sexual intercourse with her husband who had epidid...
The dormant form of TUBERCULOSIS where the person shows no obvious symptoms and no sign of the causative agent (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) in the SPUTUM despite being positive for tuberculosis infection skin test.
Tuberculosis of the brain, spinal cord, or meninges (TUBERCULOSIS, MENINGEAL), most often caused by MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS and rarely by MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS. The infection may be limited to the nervous system or coexist in other organs (e.g., TUBERCULOSIS, PULMONARY). The organism tends to seed the meninges causing a diffuse meningitis and leads to the formation of TUBERCULOMA, which may occur within the brain, spinal cord, or perimeningeal spaces. Tuberculous involvement of the vertebral column (TUBERCULOSIS, SPINAL) may result in nerve root or spinal cord compression. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp717-20)
Pathological conditions of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM caused by infection of MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS. Tuberculosis involvement may include the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
TUBERCULOSIS that involves any region of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, mostly in the distal ILEUM and the CECUM. In most cases, MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS is the pathogen. Clinical features include ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and palpable mass in the ileocecal area.
Tuberculosis of the mouth, tongue, and salivary glands.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Cytokine Tumour Necrosis Factor (TNF)
TNF is a compound that is classified as a cytokine which plays a central role in the cellular mechanisms of apoptosis or cell death. However, there are a number of different kinds of TNF, just under twenty, but the family of molecules have very similar a...
Cytokines include chemokines, lymphokines, and monokines. Cells of the immune system communicate with one another by releasing and responding to chemical messengers called cytokines. These proteins are secreted by immune cells and act on other cells to...