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The purpose of this study is to determine whether the medication pravastatin will ameliorate renal and cardiovascular disease over a 3-year period in children and young adults with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD).
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common hereditary kidney disease, affecting 1 in 400 to 1000 individuals and accounting for 4% of end-stage renal disease in the United States and 8-10% in Europe. The condition is characterized by progressive development of kidney cysts with kidney enlargement and associated loss of kidney function. High blood pressure and cardiovascular disease are common in patients with ADPKD. Although the condition is often thought to affect primarily adults, it is clear that the disease can be present in the fetus and young children.
This study is designed to determine if treatment with the medicine pravastatin can slow the progression of kidney and heart disease when initiated early in life in patients with ADPKD. We will assess differences between pravastatin and placebo study groups over the three-year study period with respect to: 1) total kidney volume as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); 2) left ventricular mass index as assessed by MRI; 3) urinary albumin excretion; and 4) endothelial-dependent vasodilation as assessed by brachial ultrasound. A total of 100 subjects will be enrolled in this research study. This study will involve pediatric subjects because we believe that early intervention is critical if we are to decrease the morbidity and mortality associated with this condition. If pravastatin is shown to be effective in ameliorating progression of renal and cardiovascular disease in this study, routine management of people with this condition will be drastically altered.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant
University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center
University of Colorado, Denver
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:39:17-0400
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Kidney disorders with autosomal dominant inheritance and characterized by multiple CYSTS in both KIDNEYS with progressive deterioration of renal function.
Hereditary diseases that are characterized by the progressive expansion of a large number of tightly packed CYSTS within the KIDNEYS. They include diseases with autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive inheritance.
A genetic disorder with autosomal recessive inheritance, characterized by multiple CYSTS in both KIDNEYS and associated LIVER lesions. Serious manifestations are usually present at BIRTH with high PERINATAL MORTALITY.
A non-hereditary KIDNEY disorder characterized by the abnormally dilated (ECTASIA) medullary and inner papillary portions of the collecting ducts. These collecting ducts usually contain CYSTS or DIVERTICULA filled with jelly-like material or small calculi (KIDNEY STONES) leading to infections or obstruction. It should be distinguished from congenital or hereditary POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASES.
A complex disorder characterized by infertility, HIRSUTISM; OBESITY; and various menstrual disturbances such as OLIGOMENORRHEA; AMENORRHEA; ANOVULATION. Polycystic ovary syndrome is usually associated with bilateral enlarged ovaries studded with atretic follicles, not with cysts. The term, polycystic ovary, is misleading.
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