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The overall goal of this project is to improve the treatment of alcohol dependence in patients with serious mental illness (SMI). SMI for this study is defined as any patient with any of the following diagnoses: schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and bipolar type I or type II disorder. Alcohol and other substance use disorders (SUDs) are common among individuals with SMI. SUD comorbidity is associated with many adverse consequences. However, to date, few reports have addressed the efficacy of pharmacological treatments for SUDs in this population. Naltrexone pharmacotherapy is an effective treatment for alcohol dependence, but it has not been systematically applied to the care of patients with SMI. The primary aim of this study is to determine the feasibility of long-acting injectable naltrexone administration in a clinical trial in patients with SMI who also have a diagnosis of alcohol dependence. Secondary aims include providing a preliminary assessment of the tolerability and safety of long-acting injectable naltrexone in patients with SMI who also have a diagnosis of alcohol dependence. An additional aim is to provide a preliminary assessment of the efficacy of long-acting injectable naltrexone in reducing alcohol use from baseline levels.
The proposed project is a 1-year pilot program of research, which will examine the feasibility of a new, intramuscular (IM) long-acting form of naltrexone. The long-acting form of naltrexone may improve medication adherence, which has been shown to be critical to successful naltrexone treatment of alcohol dependence. The study is a 16-week, randomized, prospective, open-label trial, including a 12-week course of monthly naltrexone injections. A follow-up interview will be conducted 4 weeks after discontinuation of medication. Thirty subjects will be recruited. Voucher-based incentives will be provided to all subjects to ensure attendance for medication administration. Weekly motivational counseling sessions will be conducted and will focus on improving motivation to stop alcohol use. Study outcomes consist of self-report and biological measures of alcohol use; measures of psychiatric symptom severity and neurocognitive functioning; and genetic testing to examine functional polymorphism (Asn40Asp) differences in the subjects' μ-opioid receptors (OPRM1), which may predict response to naltrexone treatment.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
long-lasting injectable naltrexone
Hutchings Psychiatric Center
State University of New York - Upstate Medical University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:21:56-0400
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A long-acting injectable antipsychotic agent used for chronic schizophrenia.
Derivative of noroxymorphone that is the N-cyclopropylmethyl congener of NALOXONE. It is a narcotic antagonist that is effective orally, longer lasting and more potent than naloxone, and has been proposed for the treatment of heroin addiction. The FDA has approved naltrexone for the treatment of alcohol dependence.
One of the long-acting ANTIPSYCHOTIC AGENTS used for maintenance or long-term therapy of SCHIZOPHRENIA and other PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS.
A chronic form of schizophrenia characterized primarily by the presence of persecutory or grandiose delusions, often associated with hallucination.
An N-substituted amphetamine analog. It is a widely abused drug classified as a hallucinogen and causes marked, long-lasting changes in brain serotonergic systems. It is commonly referred to as MDMA or ecstasy.
Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention. Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...