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Injectable Naltrexone Treatment of Alcohol Dependence in Serious Mental Illness (SMI)

2014-07-24 14:21:56 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The overall goal of this project is to improve the treatment of alcohol dependence in patients with serious mental illness (SMI). SMI for this study is defined as any patient with any of the following diagnoses: schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and bipolar type I or type II disorder. Alcohol and other substance use disorders (SUDs) are common among individuals with SMI. SUD comorbidity is associated with many adverse consequences. However, to date, few reports have addressed the efficacy of pharmacological treatments for SUDs in this population. Naltrexone pharmacotherapy is an effective treatment for alcohol dependence, but it has not been systematically applied to the care of patients with SMI. The primary aim of this study is to determine the feasibility of long-acting injectable naltrexone administration in a clinical trial in patients with SMI who also have a diagnosis of alcohol dependence. Secondary aims include providing a preliminary assessment of the tolerability and safety of long-acting injectable naltrexone in patients with SMI who also have a diagnosis of alcohol dependence. An additional aim is to provide a preliminary assessment of the efficacy of long-acting injectable naltrexone in reducing alcohol use from baseline levels.

Description

The proposed project is a 1-year pilot program of research, which will examine the feasibility of a new, intramuscular (IM) long-acting form of naltrexone. The long-acting form of naltrexone may improve medication adherence, which has been shown to be critical to successful naltrexone treatment of alcohol dependence. The study is a 16-week, randomized, prospective, open-label trial, including a 12-week course of monthly naltrexone injections. A follow-up interview will be conducted 4 weeks after discontinuation of medication. Thirty subjects will be recruited. Voucher-based incentives will be provided to all subjects to ensure attendance for medication administration. Weekly motivational counseling sessions will be conducted and will focus on improving motivation to stop alcohol use. Study outcomes consist of self-report and biological measures of alcohol use; measures of psychiatric symptom severity and neurocognitive functioning; and genetic testing to examine functional polymorphism (Asn40Asp) differences in the subjects' μ-opioid receptors (OPRM1), which may predict response to naltrexone treatment.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Schizophrenia

Intervention

long-lasting injectable naltrexone

Location

Hutchings Psychiatric Center
Syracuse
New York
United States
13210

Status

Completed

Source

State University of New York - Upstate Medical University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:21:56-0400

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