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Patients with a moderate to severe carotid atherosclerotic plaque are at risk for stroke and this risk increases with increasing degree of stenosis. It has been shown that carotid endarterectomy in symptomatic patients with a carotid artery stenosis of 70-99% is highly beneficial. However, the beneficial effect of surgery in patients with symptomatic 30-69% stenosis is not clear yet.A clear beneficial effect of surgery in the 30-69% stenosis group might be found in a sub-group of patients whom are at greater risk for stroke. Definition of this sub-group might be achieved by plaque characterization, since rupture of a vulnerable plaque is the main cause of stroke due to carotid artery stenosis.This study will include patients with a 30-69% carotid artery stenosis, and assess plaque composition by MRI, the degree of plaque inflammation by FDG-PET, and the amount of microembolization by transcranial Doppler ultrasound. The main purpose of this study is to assess whether one or a combination of each of these imaging methods can predict the occurrence of a (recurrent) ischemic stroke.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Carotid Artery Stenosis
University Hospital Maastricht, Department of Radiology
Dutch Heart Foundation
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:39:30-0400
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Blood clot formation in any part of the CAROTID ARTERIES. This may produce CAROTID STENOSIS or occlusion of the vessel, leading to TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK; CEREBRAL INFARCTION; or AMAUROSIS FUGAX.
Transient complete or partial monocular blindness due to retinal ischemia. This may be caused by emboli from the CAROTID ARTERY (usually in association with CAROTID STENOSIS) and other locations that enter the central RETINAL ARTERY. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p245)
Damages to the CAROTID ARTERIES caused either by blunt force or penetrating trauma, such as CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; THORACIC INJURIES; and NECK INJURIES. Damaged carotid arteries can lead to CAROTID ARTERY THROMBOSIS; CAROTID-CAVERNOUS SINUS FISTULA; pseudoaneurysm formation; and INTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY DISSECTION. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1997, 18:251; J Trauma 1994, 37:473)
Pathological conditions involving the CAROTID ARTERIES, including the common, internal, and external carotid arteries. ATHEROSCLEROSIS and TRAUMA are relatively frequent causes of carotid artery pathology.
The two principal arteries supplying the structures of the head and neck. They ascend in the neck, one on each side, and at the level of the upper border of the thyroid cartilage, each divides into two branches, the external (CAROTID ARTERY, EXTERNAL) and internal (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL) carotid arteries.
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Stroke - Cerebrovascular Disease (CVA)
A stroke is a serious medical condition that occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off. Strokes are a medical emergency and prompt treatment is essential because the sooner a person receives treatment for a stroke, the less damage is ...