Diindolylmethane in Treating Patients Undergoing Surgery for Stage I or Stage II Prostate Cancer

2014-08-27 03:39:31 | BioPortfolio


RATIONALE: Giving diindolylmethane, a substance found in cruciferous vegetables, may help doctors learn more about how diindolylmethane is used by the body.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of diindolylmethane compared with a placebo in treating patients undergoing radical prostatectomy for stage I or stage II prostate cancer.




- Compare neoadjuvant prostatic diindolylmethane (DIM^) concentrations in patients with stage I or II adenocarcinoma of the prostate treated with DIM vs placebo prior to radical prostatectomy.


- Compare the ratio of urinary 2-hydroxyestrone:16-hydroxyestrone in patients treated with these regimens.

- Compare plasma levels of total prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in patients treated with these regimens.

- Compare serum testosterone levels in patients treated with these regimens.

- Compare the ratio of plasma insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1:IGF binding protein-3 in patients treated with these regimens.

- Compare cytochrome p450 mRNA expression of CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2B1, and CYP3A enzymes in circulating polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) and in fresh frozen tissue in patients treated with these regimens.

- Compare DIM blood steady-state concentrations in patients treated with these regimens.

- Identify polymorphisms of CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2B1, and CYP3A in circulating PMNs in patients treated with these regimens.

- Compare tissue levels of PSA, androgen receptor, Ki-67, and caspase 3 in patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 treatment arms.

- Arm I: Patients receive low-dose, nutritional-grade oral diindolylmethane (DIM) twice daily for 21-28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Treatment may continue for up to 60 days, if surgery is delayed.

- Arm II: Patients receive high-dose, nutritional-grade oral DIM twice daily as in arm I.

- Arm III: Patients receive oral placebo twice daily for 21-28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Treatment may continue for up to 60 days, if surgery is delayed.

Patients in all arms undergo surgical resection of their tumor within 1 day after completion of DIM or placebo.

Patients undergo blood, tissue, and urine sample collection periodically during study for immunohistochemical (IHC)/molecular analyses and pharmacokinetic and pharmacogenomic correlative studies. Patient specimens are assessed for DIM levels in plasma and tissue (by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry [LC/MS]) and for biologic response to DIM (by TUNEL assay). Intermediate biomarkers of DIM activity are also assessed, including urinary 2-hydroxyestrone:16-hydroxyestrone ratio (by LC/MS assay), plasma total prostate-specific antigen (PSA), plasma insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1:IGF binding protein-3 ratio (by ELISA), and tissue androgen receptor, PSA, Ki-67, and caspase 3 (by immunohistochemistry). Cytochrome p450 induction and gene expression (CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2B1, CYP3A) are also assessed in tissue and plasma by semiquantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 45 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Bio-equivalence Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Prevention


Prostate Cancer


DIM 200 mg daily, Placebo, 400mg DIM


Lurleen Wallace Comprehensive Cancer at University of Alabama - Birmingham
United States




University of Wisconsin, Madison

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:39:31-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.

A synthetic retinoid that is used orally as a chemopreventive against prostate cancer and in women at risk of developing contralateral breast cancer. It is also effective as an antineoplastic agent.

Tissue ablation of the PROSTATE performed by ultrasound from a transducer placed in the RECTUM. The procedure is used to treat prostate cancer (PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS) and benign prostatic hypertrophy (PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA).

Proteins secreted by the prostate gland. The major secretory proteins from the human prostate gland include PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN, prostate-specific acid phosphatase, prostate-specific membrane antigen, and prostate-specific protein-94.

Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.

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