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The purpose of this study is to asses changes in glycosylated hemoglobin, fasting blood lipids and genetic polymorphism's in peroxisomal proliferator activated receptors--gamma receptor after 6 months of pioglitazone, once daily (QD), treatment.
The metabolic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus can be measured by means of glycosylated hemoglobin. A low value glycosylated hemoglobin indicates a good metabolic control, and has been shown to be associated with a better prognosis regarding diabetic complications. Type 2 diabetes is a disease with a profound genetic component. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma is a transcription factor implicated in adipocyte differentiation, lipid and glucose metabolism. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alfa is a transcription factor implicated in lipid oxidation and gluconeogenesis and is present in liver, kidney, heart, skeletal muscle and adipose tissue.
Pioglitazone is a thiazolidinedione that targets nuclear peroxisomal proliferator activated receptors, members of the super family of ligand activated transcription factors. Specifically, thiazolidinediones bind to the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma and affect transcription factors that influence expression of genes responsible for the production of proteins important in carbohydrate and lipoprotein metabolism. These include increases in glucose transporters 1 and 4 resulting in enhanced peripheral glucose utilization by fat and skeletal muscle.
This is a pharmacoepidemiological study to evaluate whether the individual genotype of the patients have any influence on the efficacy of pioglitazone.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Pioglitazone and sulphonylurea, Pioglitazone and sulphonylurea, Pioglitazone and metformin, Pioglitazone and metformin
Takeda Global Research & Development Center, Inc.
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:29:56-0400
The purpose of this study is to prove effect of glucose reduction that CKD-501 and metformin combination treatment group is non inferiority compare to pioglitazone and metformin combinatio...
The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy of pioglitazone, twice daily (BID), combined with metformin versus pioglitazone taken alone and metformin taken alone in treating Typ...
Participants with PCOS will be divided into two groups then each group will randomly recieve one of the following treatment 1. metformin will be adminstered in adose of 500 mg 3 times d...
The purpose of this study is to determine the Anti-Inflammation Effects of Pioglitazone, twice daily (BID), and Pioglitazone/Metformin Combination Therapy BID in Type 2 Diabetes Subjects T...
The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy of pioglitazone and metformin combination therapy, once daily (QD), on glycosylated hemoglobin in adults with type 2 diabetes.
Choices of hypoglycemic agents for patients with type 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are limited. Available data among patients with CKD suggest that pioglitazone was effective and safe, ...
Pioglitazone has been widely used as an insulin-sensitizing agent for improving glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, cardiovascular risk and protective effects of piogl...
Osteopontin () is one of the co-factors involved in cell adhesion and invasion during the implantation process. Several reports have shown expression changes in diabetic condition in several tissues....
For almost two decades, pioglitazone has been prescribed primarily to prevent and treat insulin resistance in some type 2 diabetic patients. In this review, we trace the path to discovery of pioglitaz...
To date, few epidemiologic studies have investigated the relationship between pioglitazone use and prostate cancer. The available studies show conflicting findings. This case-control study explored th...
A biguanide hypoglycemic agent used in the treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus not responding to dietary modification. Metformin improves glycemic control by improving insulin sensitivity and decreasing intestinal absorption of glucose. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p289)
A pharmaceutical preparation of sitagliptin phosphate and metformin hydrochloride that is used in the treatment of TYPE 2 DIABETES.
A sulphonylurea hypoglycemic agent with actions and uses similar to those of CHLORPROPAMIDE.
A sulphonylurea hypoglycemic agent with actions and uses similar to those of CHLORPROPAMIDE. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p290)
A biguanide hypoglycemic agent with actions and uses similar to those of METFORMIN. Although it is generally considered to be associated with an unacceptably high incidence of lactic acidosis, often fatal, it is still available in some countries. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p290)
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...
Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to become too high. The two main types of diabetes are: type 1 diabetes type 2 diabetes In the UK, diabetes affects approximately 2.9 million people. There are a...