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Cetuximab, Gemcitabine, and Oxaliplatin in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

2014-08-27 03:39:36 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies, such as cetuximab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Cetuximab may also stop the growth of pancreatic cancer by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine and oxaliplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving cetuximab together with combination chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying how well giving cetuximab together with gemcitabine and oxaliplatin works in treating patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- Determine the progression-free survival of patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer treated with cetuximab, gemcitabine hydrochloride, and oxaliplatin.

Secondary

- Determine the complete response and partial response in patients treated with this regimen.

- Determine the time to progression in patients treated with this regimen.

- Determine the duration of response in patients treated with this regimen.

- Determine the survival of patients treated with this regimen.

- Determine the toxicity of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a nonrandomized, open-label, pilot study.

Patients receive cetuximab IV over 1-2 hours on days 1 and 8, gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 100 minutes on day 1, and oxaliplatin IV over 2-4 hours on day 2. Treatment repeats every 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 40 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Pancreatic Cancer

Intervention

cetuximab, gemcitabine hydrochloride, oxaliplatin

Location

University of Miami Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center - Miami
Miami
Florida
United States
33136

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

University of Miami Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:39:36-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tumors or cancer of the PANCREAS. Depending on the types of ISLET CELLS present in the tumors, various hormones can be secreted: GLUCAGON from PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS; INSULIN from PANCREATIC BETA CELLS; and SOMATOSTATIN from the SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS. Most are malignant except the insulin-producing tumors (INSULINOMA).

Star-shaped, myofibroblast-like cells located in the periacinar, perivascular, and periductal regions of the EXOCRINE PANCREAS. They play a key role in the pathobiology of FIBROSIS; PANCREATITIS; and PANCREATIC CANCER.

A 36-amino acid pancreatic hormone that is secreted mainly by endocrine cells found at the periphery of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS and adjacent to cells containing SOMATOSTATIN and GLUCAGON. Pancreatic polypeptide (PP), when administered peripherally, can suppress gastric secretion, gastric emptying, pancreatic enzyme secretion, and appetite. A lack of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) has been associated with OBESITY in rats and mice.

Extracts prepared from pancreatic tissue that may contain the pancreatic enzymes or other specific uncharacterized factors or proteins with specific activities. PANCREATIN is a specific extract containing digestive enzymes and used to treat pancreatic insufficiency.

A quinazoline derivative and ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT that functions as a PROTEIN KINASE INHIBITOR for EGFR associated tyrosine kinase. It is used in the treatment of NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER.

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