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Ghrelin, an acylated peptide consisting of 28 amino acids, is the endogenous ligand of the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R). It is synthesized predominantly in the stomach but has been also identified in a variety of other organs. Alike, a wide range of central and peripheral endocrine and non-endocrine actions has been described, e. g. being a releasing factor of growth hormone, prolactin and ACTH, a modulator of cell proliferation and apoptosis, a regulator of sleep-wake regulation, and a orexigenic hormone. Aims of this study are:
A) To determine the effect of exogenous ghrelin on sleep-EEG variables and hormones of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis, the gonadotropic axis and the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in healthy subjects of both genders (age groups: 20-30, 35-45, 60-70 years).
B) To determine the effect of exogenous ghrelin on sleep-EEG variables and hormones of the HPA axis, the gonadotropic axis and the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in patients with major depression (age range: 20-65 years).
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry
Max-Planck-Institute of Psychiatry
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:39:38-0400
The aim of this study is to investigate putative peripheral effects of ghrelin on glucose and lipid metabolism in healthy men. Eight subjects will be enrolled. The hypothesis is that ghrel...
The main purpose of this study is to determine the half life of the hormone "ghrelin" in the human body. Other purposes are to investigate the effect of ghrelin on appetite and cardiovascu...
Ghrelin administration increases appetite and, in rodents, induces weight gain. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of short term ghrelin administration to humans on metabol...
Ghrelin (growth hormone release inducer) is produced in the stomach. The active form of Ghrelin is Acyl-Ghrelin. Acyl-Ghrelin stimulates the Ghrelin receptors. Ghrelin receptors are detect...
This study evaluates the effect of the "hunger hormone" ghrelin on human decision-making. Participants will be given an injection of ghrelin or saline on different study days and will then...
Vulnerability to obesity includes eating in response to food cues, which acquire incentive value through conditioning. The conditioning process is largely subserved by dopamine, theorized to encode th...
Exogenous ghrelin is associated with cardiovascular protection in experimental and human studies. Nevertheless ESRD patients have increased ghrelin levels and severe cardiovascular comorbidities. This...
The mechanisms regulating the postprandial suppression of ghrelin secretion remain unclear, but recent observations in rats indicate that an increase in duodenal osmolarity is associated with a reduct...
The neuroprotective effect of ghrelin has recently been reported in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Ghrelin is converted from des-acyl ghrelin to the activated form, acyl ghrelin, by membrane bound o-acyltr...
Energy balance is regulated by ghrelin which is a neuroendocrine modulator. Ghrelin is expressed in reproductive organs. However, the role of ghrelin during maturation (IVM) and bovine preimplantatio...
A 28-amino acid, acylated, orexigenic peptide that is a ligand for GROWTH HORMONE SECRETAGOGUE RECEPTORS. Ghrelin is widely expressed but primarily in the stomach in the adults. Ghrelin acts centrally to stimulate growth hormone secretion and food intake, and peripherally to regulate energy homeostasis. Its large precursor protein, known as appetite-regulating hormone or motilin-related peptide, contains ghrelin and obestatin.
Transmembrane proteins that recognize and bind GHRELIN, a potent stimulator of GROWTH HORMONE secretion and food intake in mammals. Ghrelin receptors are found in the pituitary and HYPOTHALAMUS. They belong to the family of G-PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTORS.
Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.
Governmental guidelines and objectives pertaining to public food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet and changes in food habits to ensure healthy diet.
Surgical reinnervation of a denervated peripheral target using a healthy donor nerve and/or its proximal stump. The direct connection is usually made to a healthy postlesional distal portion of a non-functioning nerve or implanted directly into denervated muscle or insensitive skin. Nerve sprouts will grow from the transferred nerve into the denervated elements and establish contact between them and the neurons that formerly controlled another area.
Endocrine disorders are grouped into two categories: hormone imbalance - when a gland produces too much or too little of an endocrine hormone development of lesions (such as nodules or tumors) in the endocrine system, which may or may not affect...
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Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several groups of h...