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Jet Injection of 1% Buffered Lidocaine Versus Topical ELA-Max for Anesthesia Prior to Intravenous (IV) Catheterization in Children

2014-07-23 21:30:01 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This trial is a comparison of the anesthetic effectiveness of J-Tip needle-free jet injection of 1% buffered lidocaine to the anesthetic effectiveness of topical 4% ELA-Max for peripheral intravenous catheter (PIV) insertion. The researchers hypothesize that the jet injection of lidocaine will provide superior anesthesia to the ELA-Max prior to PIV insertion.

Description

A prospective, block-randomized, controlled trial comparing J-Tip jet injection of 1% buffered lidocaine to a 30-minute application of 4% ELA-Max for topical anesthesia in children 8-15 years old presenting to a tertiary care pediatric emergency department for PIV insertion. All subjects recorded self-reported Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores for pain at time of enrollment and pain of PIV insertion. Jet injection subjects also recorded pain of jet injection. Subjects were videotaped during jet injection and PIV insertion. Videotapes were reviewed by a single blinded reviewer for observer-reported VAS pain scores for jet injection and PIV insertion.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Single Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Pain

Intervention

J-tip jet injection of 1% buffered lidocaine

Location

Kosair Children's Hospital
Louisville
Kentucky
United States
40202

Status

Completed

Source

Norton Healthcare

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:30:01-0400

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A colorless liquid with a sharp burning taste and slight odor. It is used as a local anesthetic and to reduce pain associated with LIDOCAINE injection. Also, it is used in the manufacture of other benzyl compounds, as a pharmaceutic aid, and in perfumery and flavoring.

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Total or subtotal destruction of the pituitary gland by chemical injection. It is usually achieved by injection of ethyl alcohol via trans-sphenoidal cannulation under stereotaxic control. It is usually performed for the treatment of intractable pain.

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