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Fluorine F 18 FEQA in Patients With Stage III or Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer and in Healthy Participants

2014-08-27 03:39:46 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Fluorine F 18 FEQA may be an effective radioactive drug to use with positron emission tomography (PET) scans.

PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying the use of fluorine F 18 FEQA in patients with stage III or stage IV non-small cell lung cancer and in healthy participants.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Determine the biodistribution of fluorine F 18 FEQA in patients with stage III or IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and in healthy participants.

- Determine whether fluorine F 18 FEQA can be used as an imaging agent with positron emission tomography in patients with stage III or IV NSCLC.

OUTLINE: This is a pilot study.

Patients and healthy participants receive fluorine F 18 FEQA IV and then undergo whole-body dynamic scans comprising positron emission tomography.

Blood is collected during and after imaging to measure radioactivity.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 30 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Conditions

Lung Cancer

Intervention

positron emission tomography, radionuclide imaging, fluorine F 18 FEQA

Location

Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center at UCLA
Los Angeles
California
United States
90095-1781

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

University of California, Los Angeles

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:39:46-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.

An imaging technique that combines a POSITRON-EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY (PET) scanner and a CT X RAY scanner. This establishes a precise anatomic localization in the same session.

The creation of a visual display of the inside of the entire body of a human or animal for the purposes of diagnostic evaluation. This is most commonly achieved by using MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; or POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY.

A method of computed tomography that uses radionuclides which emit a single photon of a given energy. The camera is rotated 180 or 360 degrees around the patient to capture images at multiple positions along the arc. The computer is then used to reconstruct the transaxial, sagittal, and coronal images from the 3-dimensional distribution of radionuclides in the organ. The advantages of SPECT are that it can be used to observe biochemical and physiological processes as well as size and volume of the organ. The disadvantage is that, unlike positron-emission tomography where the positron-electron annihilation results in the emission of 2 photons at 180 degrees from each other, SPECT requires physical collimation to line up the photons, which results in the loss of many available photons and hence degrades the image.

A technetium imaging agent used in renal scintigraphy, computed tomography, lung ventilation imaging, gastrointestinal scintigraphy, and many other procedures which employ radionuclide imaging agents.

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