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The purpose of this study is to look at several genes that might determine how the body processes the drugs used to treat lung, colorectal and head and neck cancers. The goal of this examination is to help investigators determine the proper dosage to give future cancer patients or to better predict which future patients will respond to particular drug therapies.
This study is to establish a pilot pharmacogenomic program in identifying genetic variation to predict the safety, toxicity and/or efficacy of drugs. DNA will be extracted from patients' peripheral blood to study SNPs in DPD, TS, MTHFR, UGT1A1, CYP3A4, CYP3A5, GSTM1, GSTT1, GSTP1, HO-1, ERCC1, XPD, XRCC1 and EGFR genes. The results of genetic study will be compared to treatment efficacy and toxicity. The ultimate goal is to use genotype profiles to provide individualized cancer treatment to improve outcome and decrease toxicity.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
University of Kansas Medical Center
University of Kansas
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:39:51-0400
Lung cancer is the number one cancer killer in the USA. Early stage lung cancer is asymptomatic. Most patients with lung cancer are usually symptomatic at diagnosis and already have advanc...
RATIONALE: Doctors can diagnose lung cancer by collecting mucus coughed up from the lungs and examining it under a microscope to look for cancer cells. Breathing in INS316 may make it easi...
The study goal is to collect blood samples from individuals at risk for lung cancer in order to identify protein markers for diagnosis of lung cancer in the Chinese population.
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Lung cancer is the commonest malignant disease with a 5-year survival of 14%. In Hong Kong, it accounts for about 30% of all cancer death. The poor prognosis of lung cancer is due largely ...
Lung cancer is one of the deadliest malignancies. The immune checkpoint-blockade (ICB) tumor therapy has led to striking improvement of long-term survival for some lung cancer patients. However, the r...
Lung cancer is classified as a single entity comprised of multiple histological subtypes. But how similar are these subtypes on a genetic level? This paper aims to address this question through a conc...
The relative risk of lung cancer decreases with years since quitting (YSQ) smoking, but risk beyond 25 YSQ remains unclear. Current lung cancer screening guidelines, which exclude smokers with more th...
Compared with all other racial and ethnic groups in the U.S., African Americans are disproportionally affected by lung cancer, both in terms of incidence and survival. It is likely that smoking, as th...
The exploration of the molecular mechanisms and signaling pathways on lung cancer is very important for developing new strategies of diagnosis and treatment to this disease, such as finding valuable l...
Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.
Malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelium of the BRONCHI. It represents a large group of epithelial lung malignancies which can be divided into two clinical groups: SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER and NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CARCINOMA.
Nuclear phosphoprotein encoded by the p53 gene (GENES, P53) whose normal function is to control CELL PROLIFERATION and APOPTOSIS. A mutant or absent p53 protein has been found in LEUKEMIA; OSTEOSARCOMA; LUNG CANCER; and COLORECTAL CANCER.
A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.
A form of highly malignant lung cancer that is composed of small ovoid cells (SMALL CELL CARCINOMA).
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...
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