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Lithium for the Treatment of Pediatric Mania

2014-07-23 21:30:03 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This clinical trial is being performed under the Best Pharmaceuticals for Children Act, signed into law in 2002 in order to improve pediatric labeling for off-patent drugs. The purpose of this study is to examine the efficacy and safety of lithium in the treatment of pediatric patients with bipolar I disorder.

Description

This is a multiphase, multicenter, trial that will comprehensively examine lithium in the treatment of pediatric patients with bipolar I disorder. In order to examine the treatment of bipolar disorder with lithium, this study will include four phases of treatment. The first phase, the Pharmacokinetic Phase, will include 8 weeks of Open Label treatment to determine empirically based dosing strategies for children and adolescents with bipolar disorder. Patients completing the Pharmacokinetic Phase, may be eligible to continue in the Long-Term Effectiveness Phase for a maximum of 16 weeks of lithium treatment. Subsequently, patients meeting response criteria during the Long-Term Effectiveness Phase will be eligible to continue in the Discontinuation Phase. During the Discontinuation Phase, patients will be randomized to either placebo or lithium treatment for up to 28 weeks. Finally, those subjects who experience a mood relapse during the Discontinuation Phase will be enrolled in an Open Label Restabilization Phase and treated with lithium for up to 8 weeks.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Bipolar I Disorder Without Psychotic Symptoms

Intervention

Lithium Carbonate

Location

CASE Western Reserve University
Cleveland
Ohio
United States
44126

Status

Completed

Source

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:30:03-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An element in the alkali metals family. It has the atomic symbol Li, atomic number 3, and atomic weight 6.94. Salts of lithium are used in treating BIPOLAR DISORDER.

A lithium salt, classified as a mood-stabilizing agent. Lithium ion alters the metabolism of BIOGENIC MONOAMINES in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, and affects multiple neurotransmission systems.

Disorders in which the essential feature is a severe disturbance in mood (depression, anxiety, elation, and excitement) accompanied by psychotic symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, gross impairment in reality testing, etc.

Agents that control agitated psychotic behavior, alleviate acute psychotic states, reduce psychotic symptoms, and exert a quieting effect. They are used in schizophrenia, senile dementia, transient psychosis following surgery or myocardial infarction, etc. These drugs are often referred to as neuroleptics alluding to the tendency to produce neurological side effects, but not all antipsychotics are likely to produce such effects. Many of these drugs may also be effective against nausea, emesis, and pruritus.

A salt of lithium that has been used experimentally as an immunomodulator.

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