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Dissemination of Colorectal Cancer Screening to Primary Care Physicians

2014-07-23 21:30:04 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The aim is to assess the efficacy of an intervention, academic detailing, a brief, frequently repeated educational program, on increasing recommendations for colorectal cancer screening among primary care providers by comparison to a service-as-usual control. The study is a stratified randomized clinical trial of primary care physicians, stratified by distinct urban communities in the New York metropolitan area. The primary outcome is colorectal cancer screening recommendations measured via medical audit at 12-month followup after randomization.

Description

The aim is to assess the efficacy of an intervention, academic detailing, a brief, frequently repeated educational program, on increasing recommendations for colorectal cancer screening among primary care providers by comparison to a service-as-usual control. The study is a stratified randomized clinical trial of primary care physicians, stratified by distinct urban communities in the New York metropolitan area. The primary outcome is colorectal cancer screening recommendations measured via medical audit at 12-month followup after randomization.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind, Primary Purpose: Screening

Conditions

Colorectal Cancer

Intervention

academic detailing

Location

Columbia University Medical Center
New York
New York
United States
10032

Status

Completed

Source

Columbia University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:30:04-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 18q21-qter region of human chromosome 18. The absence of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (DCC stands for deleted in colorectal cancer). The products of these genes show significant homology to neural cell adhesion molecules and other related cell surface glycoproteins.

A group of autosomal-dominant inherited diseases in which COLON CANCER arises in discrete adenomas. Unlike FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI with hundreds of polyps, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms occur much later, in the fourth and fifth decades. HNPCC has been associated with germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. It has been subdivided into Lynch syndrome I or site-specific colonic cancer, and LYNCH SYNDROME II which includes extracolonic cancer.

Nuclear phosphoprotein encoded by the p53 gene (GENES, P53) whose normal function is to control CELL PROLIFERATION and APOPTOSIS. A mutant or absent p53 protein has been found in LEUKEMIA; OSTEOSARCOMA; LUNG CANCER; and COLORECTAL CANCER.

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