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Self-Management and Care of Heart Failure With Group Clinics (SMAC-HF)

2014-08-27 03:39:57 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to help people with heart failure (HF) to manage their HF and to prevent rehospitalizations. Another purpose is to test the usefulness of clinical appointments and educational videotapes in teaching patients how to manage their HF.

It is proposed that the group clinic intervention will reduce rehospitalization, depression, and improve problem solving related to heart failure symptoms.

Description

Aim 1 Hypothesis:

1. The time to the 1st composite endpoint (HF Rehospitalization/death) will be longer for HFcareGroup than standard care group at 12 months.

2. The HFcareGroup will have higher score than standard care on patient outcomes i.e. functional health status, quality of life, satisfaction with health care at 12 months.

3. Health Services Use will be lower in HFcareGroup than standard care group at 12 months.

Aim 2 Hypothesis:

1. The HFcareGroup will have higher score than standard care on patients' HF self-management i.e., self-care behaviors, participation with health care professionals in HF management and problem-solving, HF knowledge and preparedness for home care at 6 and 12 months.

2. A greater proportion of HFcareGroup vs standard care subjects will report clinical or symptoms of HF decompensation (e.g. specific weight gain, shortness of breath, edema, fatigue, tachycardia, and medication side effects) to their health care provider.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Heart Failure, Congestive

Intervention

Heart Failure Group Clinic Appointments

Location

University of Kansas Medical Center
Kansas City
Kansas
United States
66160

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of Kansas

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:39:57-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

Agents that have a strengthening effect on the heart or that can increase cardiac output. They may be CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES; SYMPATHOMIMETICS; or other drugs. They are used after MYOCARDIAL INFARCT; CARDIAC SURGICAL PROCEDURES; in SHOCK; or in congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).

Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.

A semisynthetic digitalis glycoside with the general properties of DIGOXIN but more rapid onset of action. Its cardiotonic action is prolonged by its demethylation to DIGOXIN in the liver. It has been used in the treatment of congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).

A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)

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