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O(6)-Benzylguanine and Temozolomide in Treating Patients With Glioblastoma Multiforme That Did Not Respond to Previous Temozolomide and Radiation Therapy

2014-08-27 03:40:05 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as O(6)-benzylguanine and temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying the side effects and how well giving O(6)-benzylguanine together with temozolomide works in treating patients with glioblastoma multiforme that did not respond to previous temozolomide and radiation therapy.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Determine the antitumor activity of O6-benzylguanine and temozolomide in patients with temozolomide-resistant methylguanine methyltransferase-positive or -negative glioblastoma multiforme previously treated with radiotherapy.

- Determine, preliminarily, the toxicity of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients receive O6-benzylguanine IV over 1 hour and oral temozolomide once daily on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for at least 6 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 100 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors

Intervention

O6-benzylguanine, temozolomide

Location

NCI - Neuro-Oncology Branch
Bethesda
Maryland
United States
20892-8200

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:40:05-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.

A group of malignant tumors of the nervous system that feature primitive cells with elements of neuronal and/or glial differentiation. Use of this term is limited by some authors to central nervous system tumors and others include neoplasms of similar origin which arise extracranially (i.e., NEUROECTODERMAL TUMORS, PRIMITIVE, PERIPHERAL). This term is also occasionally used as a synonym for MEDULLOBLASTOMA. In general, these tumors arise in the first decade of life and tend to be highly malignant. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, p2059)

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The main information-processing organs of the nervous system, consisting of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges.

A vascular anomaly characterized by a radial or wedge-shaped arrangement of dilated VEINS draining into a larger vein in the brain, spinal cord, or the meninges. Veins in a venous angioma are surrounded by normal nervous tissue, unlike a CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM CAVERNOUS HEMANGIOMA that lacks intervening nervous tissue. Drainage of venous angioma is fully integrated with the body's venous system, therefore, in most cases there is no clinical signs and rare bleeding.

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