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A Study Evaluating the Effects of Lipid Lowering Treatment on Steroid Synthesis

2014-08-27 03:40:12 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Cholesterol is the precursor of glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids and sex steroids. Both adrenal and non-adrenal (ovarian + testicular) all steroid hormones are primarily synthesized using the LDLcholesterol in the circulation. Additionally there is ‘de novo’ cholesterol synthesis in both the adrenals and gonads controlled by the HMG-CoA reductase enzyme. A third pathway is the use of circulatory HDL–cholesterol by the adrenal and gonadal tissues for the synthesis of steroids. Since statins both decrease circulatory LDL and inhibit de novo cholesterol synthesis, they are likely to affect the synthesis of steroid hormones. In this study we aim to investigate the effects of lowering LDL levels below 70 mg/dL on steroid hormone synthesis.

Description

Today atherosclerotic diseases are among the most important causes of death in the world. Epidemiological, clinical, genetic, experimental and pathological studies have clearly shown the role of lipoproteins in atherosclerosis. LDL is the major atherogenic lipoprotein and has been defined as the primary target of lipid lowering treatment by NCEP. Although the level of LDL, the primary target in the treatment of dyslipidemia, has been set as below 100mg/dl in coronary heart diseases (CHD) and CHD risk equivalents, this level has been pulled down to below 70mg/dl for the group defined as very high risk group by the ATP (Adult Treatment Panel) guide that has been updated following the new clinical studies. As we already know, cholesterol is the precursor of glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids and sex steroids, besides being a structural component of the cell membrane. Both adrenal and non-adrenal (ovarian+testicular) all steroid hormones are primarily synthesized using the LDL-cholesterol in the circulation. In addition to this, there is 'de novo' cholesterol synthesis in both the adrenals and gonads controlled by the HMG-CoA reductase enzyme. A third pathway, which under normal circumstances has little contribution as compared to the first two, is the use of circulatory HDL-cholesterol by the adrenal and gonadal tissues for the synthesis of steroids. Our knowledge on extremely lowered LDL levels is quite limited. However, since statins both decrease circulatory LDL and inhibit de novo cholesterol synthesis, they are likely to affect the synthesis of steroid hormones.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label

Conditions

Coronary Heart Disease

Intervention

Atorvastatin, Ezetimibe

Location

Bolu Izzet Baysal School of Medicine
Bolu
Turkey
14280

Status

Recruiting

Source

Abant Izzet Baysal University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:40:12-0400

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