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Is There a Difference in Flicker Induced Vasodilatation Between Smokers and Non-Smokers?

2014-08-27 03:40:18 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Habitual smoking is associated with an increased risk of coronary artery disease, cerebral and peripheral vascular disease, including ocular diseases like age-related macular degeneration or diabetic retinopathy. Data of a recent study performed in the investigators lab revealed abnormal choroidal blood flow regulation in chronic smokers as compared to age-matched non-smoking subjects during isometric exercise. However, no information is yet available about the regulation of retinal vascular tone in habitual smokers.

Thus, in the current study, the investigators set out to investigate whether the regulation of retinal vessels diameters is affected in habitual smokers. It has been shown in several reports that stimulation with diffuse luminance flicker, increases retinal arterial and venous diameters, indicating for the ability of the retina to adapt to changing metabolic demands. In the current study we use this effect as a tool to investigate whether the flicker induced vasodilatation is affected in habitual smokers. This would indicate for an impaired vascular regulation process in smokers.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label

Conditions

Ocular Physiology

Intervention

flicker light stimulation

Location

Department of Clinical Pharmacology
Vienna
Austria
1090

Status

Completed

Source

Medical University of Vienna

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:40:18-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The point or frequency at which all flicker of an intermittent light stimulus disappears.

The adjustment of the eye to variations in the intensity of light. Light adaptation is the adjustment of the eye when the light threshold is increased; DARK ADAPTATION when the light is greatly reduced. (From Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)

Relatively bright light, or the dazzling sensation of relatively bright light, which produces unpleasantness or discomfort, or which interferes with optimal VISION, OCULAR. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)

Ocular manifestations secondary to various NEOPLASMS in which antibodies to antigens of the primary tumor cross-react with ocular antigens. This autoimmune response often leads to visual loss and other ocular dysfunctions.

The dioptric adjustment of the EYE (to attain maximal sharpness of retinal imagery for an object of regard) referring to the ability, to the mechanism, or to the process. Ocular accommodation is the effecting of refractive changes by changes in the shape of the CRYSTALLINE LENS. Loosely, it refers to ocular adjustments for VISION, OCULAR at various distances. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)

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