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Safety of Human Lactoferrin hLF1-11 for the Treatment of Infectious Complications Among Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Recipients

2014-08-27 03:40:19 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The safety and tolerability of hLF 1-11 given in multiple doses has to be established first in HSCT recipients who are at risk of developing, but have not yet developed, infectious complications due to invasive fungal or bacterial disease. These patients are different from healthy volunteers because they have received myeloablative treatment, which not only arrests haematopoiesis resulting in neutropenia but also induces mucosal barrier injury both of which predispose to infections, which typically occur during the week after transplant. It is therefore essential to know that hLF 1-11 is safe and well tolerated when given during neutropenia and mucosal barrier injury before infections ensue.

Description

Human lactoferrin (hLF) is a glycoprotein containing 692 amino acids and found in the saliva, milk, tears, and other body fluids. The peptide representing the first cationic domain, i.e. the peptide comprising the first eleven residues of hLF (further referred to as hLF1-11) was significantly more effective than the full length protein or the peptide representing the second cationic domain. As with other antimicrobial peptides, hLF1-11 shows poor antimicrobial activity under physiological conditions in vitro, but it is highly effective in vivo against infections due to a variety of microorganisms, including Gram negative and Gram positive bacteria and fungi. The objective is to develop hLF1-11 for the treatment of fungal and bacterial infections that develop during neutropenia that results from myeloablative therapy to prepare for a haematopoietic stem cell transplant(HSCT) formerly referred to as bone marrow transplant. Rates of infection and related morbidity are high in this population, making it an attractive target for testing clinically the proof-of-principle that hLF1-11 can provide effective treatment. Subsequently, hLF1-11 will be developed further as a systemic antifungal agent

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Fungal Infection

Intervention

human lactoferrin (hLF1-11)

Location

UMC St. Radboud
Nijmegen
Gelderland
Netherlands
6500 HB

Status

Withdrawn

Source

AM-Pharma

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:40:19-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Infection with a fungus of the genus COCCIDIOIDES, endemic to the SOUTHWESTERN UNITED STATES. It is sometimes called valley fever but should not be confused with RIFT VALLEY FEVER. Infection is caused by inhalation of airborne, fungal particles known as arthroconidia, a form of FUNGAL SPORES. A primary form is an acute, benign, self-limited respiratory infection. A secondary form is a virulent, severe, chronic, progressive granulomatous disease with systemic involvement. It can be detected by use of COCCIDIOIDIN.

Infection by a variety of fungi, usually through four possible mechanisms: superficial infection producing conjunctivitis, keratitis, or lacrimal obstruction; extension of infection from neighboring structures - skin, paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx; direct introduction during surgery or accidental penetrating trauma; or via the blood or lymphatic routes in patients with underlying mycoses.

An important nosocomial fungal infection with species of the genus CANDIDA, most frequently CANDIDA ALBICANS. Invasive candidiasis occurs when candidiasis goes beyond a superficial infection and manifests as CANDIDEMIA, deep tissue infection, or disseminated disease with deep organ involvement.

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans due to infection by VIRUSES. There are several significant types of human viral hepatitis with infection caused by enteric-transmission (HEPATITIS A; HEPATITIS E) or blood transfusion (HEPATITIS B; HEPATITIS C; and HEPATITIS D).

Opportunistic fungal infection by a member of ALTERNARIA genus.

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