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The study is about possible protective effects of paricalcitol (Zemplar) upon inflammation, blood pressure and kidney function. Kidney Inflammation occurs when white blood cells become abnormally stimulated and accumulate in the kidney and cause damage to the kidney. The purpose of this study is to determine if paricalcitol helps improve kidney injury, blood pressure control and kidney function in patients with chronic kidney disease. The study will last about 7 weeks and involves about 8 visits to the medical center.
We hypothesize that use of paricalcitol in patients with chronic kidney disease will lead to improvement in oxidative stress, inflammation, endothelial function and subsequently ambulatory blood pressures and glomerular filtration rate. We will pursue our hypothesis by the three specific aims:
Aim 1: To compare oxidative stress markers in patients treated with paricalcitol before and after the study. Aim 2: To measure endothelial function by flow mediated dilation in patients with chronic kidney disease before and after paricalcitol. Aim 3: To measure actigraphy guided ambulatory blood pressure and GFR in the absence of changes in anti-hypertensive medications in patients with chronic kidney disease.
The study will be double blind randomized pilot trial in 24 patients with chronic kidney disease with 1:1:1 allocation to paricalcitol 1 microgram: paricalcitol 2 microgram: Placebo.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Chronic Kidney Disease
Richard A. Rodebush VA Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:40:26-0400
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Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
Decalcification of bone or abnormal bone development due to chronic KIDNEY DISEASES, in which 1,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D3 synthesis by the kidneys is impaired, leading to reduced negative feedback on PARATHYROID HORMONE. The resulting SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM eventually leads to bone disorders.
Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.
A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.
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