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The purpose of this study is to determine:
1. whether there is a difference between insulin aspart and insulin lispro in continuous insulin pump therapy
2. whether duration of the insulin infusion set placement effect blood sugar control if the infusion set is in place for longer then 72-96 hours
Insulin instability in pump infusion systems can result in unexplained hyperglycemia in patients on continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) therapy. We have noted that some pump patients develop glycemic instability with use of insulin lispro, and that this resolves with change to insulin aspart. Several patients using lispro have reported noting a whitish precipitate in the infusion set, and in two cases we have examined the catheters and confirmed biochemically that this precipitate was insulin. Furthermore, in vitro studies indicate that insulin aspart is more resistant to isoelectric precipitation than insulin lispro. Although it has been rare for patients to notice a visible precipitate in the pump catheter, there is a subset of patients using lispro who have noted that their blood glucose levels will tend to rise 2 or more days after the insertion of a new pump infusion system. These findings mirror bench studies showing that the relative stability differences between aspart and lispro in pump infusion systems becomes more apparent over time.
The endpoints examined in previous randomized clinical trials comparing aspart and lispro were not directed specifically at assessing the effect of insulin type on glycemic stability. In these previous studies, pump infusion systems were changed every 48 hours whereas most pump patients routinely replace their infusion catheters only every 72-96 hours; this discrepancy may account for the failure of these trials to demonstrate the difference in the stability of insulin aspart and lispro that has been noted in clinical practice.
This investigator-initiated clinical trial is intended to assess the safety and efficacy of CSII with insulin aspart compared to insulin lispro with use of pump infusion catheters for up to 96 hours.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
insulin aspart, insulin lispro, insulin pump
Joslin Diabetes Center
Joslin Diabetes Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:40:26-0400
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Insulin that has been modified so that the B-chain contains a LYSINE at position 28 instead of a PROLINE and a PROLINE at position 29 instead of a LYSINE. It is used to manage BLOOD GLUCOSE levels in patients with TYPE 2 DIABETES.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
A syndrome with excessively high INSULIN levels in the BLOOD. It may cause HYPOGLYCEMIA. Etiology of hyperinsulinism varies, including hypersecretion of a beta cell tumor (INSULINOMA); autoantibodies against insulin (INSULIN ANTIBODIES); defective insulin receptor (INSULIN RESISTANCE); or overuse of exogenous insulin or HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENTS.
Insulin that has been modified to contain an ASPARTIC ACID instead of a PROLINE at position 38 of the B-chain.
Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS. It can be caused by the presence of INSULIN ANTIBODIES or the abnormalities in insulin receptors (RECEPTOR, INSULIN) on target cell surfaces. It is often associated with OBESITY; DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS; INFECTION; and certain rare conditions. (from Stedman, 25th ed)
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