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PRO-STATE:Search for a Protein Profile Corresponding to Fast-Developing Lesions and Characterization of Implicated Proteins in Prostate Carcinoma

2014-08-27 03:40:27 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The main objective of this study is to realise serum protein profiles for each patient undergoing a prostate biopsy and to identify relevant proteins.

Description

In men, prostate carcinoma is the first cancer and the second cause of death by cancer. It is a slowly evolving disease with no prognostic marker of poor outcome.

Currently, the Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) is the only available biological marker. It is a tissue marker and not a tumoral pathology control.

This is why new tissue markers are urgently needed to select patients with unfavourable evolution, in order to treat them rapidly by more effective methods such as chemotherapy, hormonotherapy or radiotherapy. This could improve survival time and quality of life.

Proteomic and clinical data comparison could point to new relevant molecules and permit the development of new biological tests for routine use.

SELDI-TOF-MS (Surface Enhanced Laser Desorption/Ionisation Mass Spectrometry) permits an extremely sensitive analysis of proteins. This method has been substantially ratified by the literature and a number of markers have already been identified, particularly for several cancer pathologies.

As far as prostate carcinomas are concerned, previous proteomic researches on serum have led to diagnostic parameters, differentiating healthy patients, patients with benign lesion and patients having malignant lesions. However, at present, no relevant protein has been identified. Moreover, no study has been carried out to characterize fast-developing lesions, in order to anticipate response to treatments.

The main objective of this study is to realise serum protein profiles for each patient undergoing a prostate biopsy and to identify relevant proteins.

The main judgement criteria will be intensity peaks in the protein profile (area and height) with reference to combined criteria (PSA rate, clinical stage, Gleason score).

Two groups will be compared:

- Group 1: Control (negative biopsy).

- Group 2: Prostate carcinoma (positive biopsy).

This group will be subdivided:

- Group 2a : favourable prognostic according to AMICO classification

- Group 2b : intermediate or unfavourable prognostic according to AMICO classification

This will contribute to setting up an aftercare database combining clinical data with biological data and protein profile.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Adenoma, Prostatic

Location

Urology Department - University Hospital of Grenoble
Grenoble
France
38043

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

University Hospital, Grenoble

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:40:27-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tissue ablation of the PROSTATE performed by ultrasound from a transducer placed in the RECTUM. The procedure is used to treat prostate cancer (PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS) and benign prostatic hypertrophy (PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA).

A premalignant change arising in the prostatic epithelium, regarded as the most important and most likely precursor of prostatic adenocarcinoma. The neoplasia takes the form of an intra-acinar or ductal proliferation of secretory cells with unequivocal nuclear anaplasia, which corresponds to nuclear grade 2 and 3 invasive prostate cancer.

A pituitary adenoma which secretes ADRENOCORTICOTROPIN, leading to CUSHING DISEASE.

An adenoma of the large intestine. It is usually a solitary, sessile, often large, tumor of colonic mucosa composed of mucinous epithelium covering delicate vascular projections. Hypersecretion and malignant changes occur frequently. (Stedman, 25th ed)

Neoplasms which arise from or metastasize to the PITUITARY GLAND. The majority of pituitary neoplasms are adenomas, which are divided into non-secreting and secreting forms. Hormone producing forms are further classified by the type of hormone they secrete. Pituitary adenomas may also be characterized by their staining properties (see ADENOMA, BASOPHIL; ADENOMA, ACIDOPHIL; and ADENOMA, CHROMOPHOBE). Pituitary tumors may compress adjacent structures, including the HYPOTHALAMUS, several CRANIAL NERVES, and the OPTIC CHIASM. Chiasmal compression may result in bitemporal HEMIANOPSIA.

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