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Historically, patients with stage III and IV head and neck cancer have been treated with surgery and/or radiation therapy. Based on the results of recent clinical trials, in patients not able to undergo surgery, chemotherapy with radiation therapy has been adopted as the current standard of care. The chemo-radiation approach, however, entails a significant increase in treatment-related toxicity, limiting the extent to which this treatment can be offered to patients. In this trial, the ability of a new form of radiation therapy delivery called IMRT will be evaluated for its ability to reduce the amount of radiation-induced toxicity.
The mechanisms of action to explain the radiation-induced toxic effects resulting from the more aggressive radiation therapy treatments of head and neck cancer include the additive and synergistic increase in mucositis from the combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The severe toxicity associated with more aggressive radiation therapy treatments for locoregional head and neck cancer limits the extent to which these treatments can be offered since many patients present with nutritional deficiencies and consequent general debility. Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT) is a technology has the potential for exquisite dose painting and structuring in such a manner that it can permit exclusion of normal tissues and sensitive structures from the high dose radiation volume without compromising primary tumor or nodal target coverage. In this phase I/II feasibility trial, radical radiotherapy will be delivered using Helical Tomotherapy Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (HT-IMRT) to a dose of 66-70 Gy to involved areas and to at least 50 Gy to un-involved sites, treated prophylactically. It is hypothesized that the pattern of failure and toxicity profiles of patients treated with helical tomotherapy will demonstrate the greater efficacy of helical tomotherapy, as compared with conventional radiotherapy, in the treatment of cancers of the head and neck.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Helical tomotherapy IMRT
The Ottawa Hospital Regional Cancer Centre
Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:30:20-0400
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A cancer registry mandated under the National Cancer Act of 1971 to operate and maintain a population-based cancer reporting system, reporting periodically estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a continuing project of the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Among its goals, in addition to assembling and reporting cancer statistics, are the monitoring of annual cancer incident trends and the promoting of studies designed to identify factors amenable to cancer control interventions. (From National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 91-3074, October 1990)
A family of non-fibrillar collagens that interact with FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS. They contain short triple helical domains interrupted by short non-helical domains and do not form into collagen fibrils.
A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.
That portion of the stomach remaining after gastric surgery, usually gastrectomy or gastroenterostomy for cancer of the stomach or peptic ulcer. It is a common site of cancer referred to as stump cancer or carcinoma of the gastric stump.
A voluntary organization concerned with the prevention and treatment of cancer through education and research.
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In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...