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Repair of Orthodontically-Induced Tooth Root Resorption by Ultrasound

2014-07-23 21:30:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Tooth-root resorption, also known as shortening or erosion,(TRR) is one of the adverse outcomes of dental trauma, orthodontic tooth movement and dental replantation/transplantation. Orthodontically induced inflammatory root resorption (OIIRR) is somewhat different from other types of TRR. The treatment protocol of teeth diagnosed with severe OIIRR or other forms of TRR always involves root canal treatment or extraction of these teeth in severe cases and prosthetic replacement. Sometimes teeth with minor TRR may stay for an extended period of time with compromised bite functions. Although several trials have been proposed to minimize or prevent TRR or OIIRR, none is capable of being used in clinical situation to treat TRR or OIIRR in humans except for Low Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound (LIPUS). However, research examining the use of LIPUS to treat OIIRR has been limited to simple orthodontic tooth tipping. In reality, tooth movement is a combination of different types of tooth movements, namely tipping, bodily, rotational, torque, intrusion and extrusion tooth movements. However, the literature have pointed out that torque tooth movement, especially when the root apices are torques against cortical plates of bone produces the most dramatic type of tooth root resorption with poor prognosis. Our long-term goal is to develop a standard protocol for treating severe tooth root resorption with poor prognosis in humans, regardless of origin. Our preliminary data demonstrates that LIPUS can produce healing of OIIRR in humans after simple tipping movement, this was confirmed by an in-vitro study on isolated cementoblasts. The objective of the present proposal is to evaluate the effect of different treatment protocols of LIPUS on the healing process of orthodontically induced tooth-root resorption due to torque (Complex)type of tooth movement in humans.

The study Hypotheses are (I) LIPUS treatment for 20 minutes per day for 4 weeks will be effective in repairing OIIRR due to torque tooth movement.

(II) The stimulatory effect of LIPUS to repair OIIRR due to torque tooth movement than LIPUS treatment is dose and time dependent.

Description

For each patient, specially designed springs will be used to achieve standard torque orthodontic tooth movement of the first premolars to induce OIIRR. The first molars will be stabilized, using a special appliance to help movement of the premolars. This type of appliance design has been used for many years in similar clinical trials by many researchers and has received wide acceptability without reported problems to the teeth during the experimental period. Ultrasound will be applied for twenty minutes per day, starting the day the springs are activated, for four weeks, using an ultrasound device (Exogen Inc., West Caldwell, NJ, USA). Only the first premolar will be receiving ultrasound. The patients will be instructed on how to have the ultrasound transducer. The non LIPUS treated premolars will be receiving sham transducers. A visual analogue scale will be provided to the patients to record any pain or discomfort that the patient might experience during or after application of ultrasound. It is expected that there will be no evidence of any deleterious effect on the intervening soft tissue as we did not informed with any discomfort experienced by the patients in our preliminary study. After four or eight weeks of LIPUS treatment, the springs will be removed, and the first premolars will be extracted, using a non-traumatic technique. The extracted teeth will be fixed, and studied by μ-CT then they will be processed to be analyzed histomorphometrically

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Root Resorption

Intervention

Repairing Induced tooth root resorption by ultrasound

Location

University of Alberta, Graduate Orthodontic program
Edmonton,
Alberta
Canada
T6G 2N8

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of Alberta, Graduate Orthodontic Program

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:30:22-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Resorption in which cementum or dentin is lost from the root of a tooth owing to cementoclastic or osteoclastic activity in conditions such as trauma of occlusion or neoplasms. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Resorption of calcified dental tissue, involving demineralization due to reversal of the cation exchange and lacunar resorption by osteoclasts. There are two types: external (as a result of tooth pathology) and internal (apparently initiated by a peculiar inflammatory hyperplasia of the pulp). (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p676)

Conditions in which a bifurcation or trifurcation of the molar tooth root becomes denuded as a result of periodontal disease. It may be followed by tooth mobility, temperature sensitivity, pain, and alveolar bone resorption.

The constricted part of the tooth at the junction of the crown and root or roots. It is often referred to as the cementoenamel junction (CEJ), the line at which the cementum covering the root of a tooth and the enamel of the tooth meet. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p530, p433)

The part of a tooth from the neck to the apex, embedded in the alveolar process and covered with cementum. A root may be single or divided into several branches, usually identified by their relative position, e.g., lingual root or buccal root. Single-rooted teeth include mandibular first and second premolars and the maxillary second premolar teeth. The maxillary first premolar has two roots in most cases. Maxillary molars have three roots. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p690)

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