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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the growth of the lung and how easily gas can be taken up by the lung in healthy infants born at full term without any breathing problems and infants born prematurely.
SPECIFIC AIM #1:
Determine the relationship between parenchymal tissue and alveolar volume with normal lung growth early in life.
We hypothesize that during the first two years of life that parenchymal surface area and alveolar volume increase with somatic growth; however, the ratio of surface area to volume remains constant, while ventilation within the lung becomes more homogenous.
SPECIFIC AIM #2:
Determine the pulmonary sequelae of premature birth and assess the effectiveness of early treatment strategies upon the pulmonary sequelae.
We hypothesize that premature birth impedes growth and development of the lung parenchyma and the airways. In addition, initiating continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and a permissive ventilatory strategy in very premature infants at birth will improve lung growth and lung function compared to treatment with early surfactant and conventional ventilation.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Riley Hospital for Children
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:40:40-0400
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of acupressure application in very low birth weight premature.
Prematurity is the leading cause of mortality and perinatal morbidity. Despite the many preventive measures and use of tocolytic therapy, the incidence of premature births has not decrease...
Our intervention in the maternity and neonatal wards helped our sensibility to the immediate parental reaction to the premature birth. Among these reactions, what is called "stress" by the...
Oxidative stress is recognized as a important factor in the pathogenesis premature birth. Preterm birth is defined as delivery before 37 completed weeks of gestation and it is the leading ...
The main purpose of the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is to optimize the development of the newborn. Preterm children are at greater risk for developmental disorders. On the one hand...
Introduction: Premature babies account for almost 7% of all newborns and the number of extremely premature infants is increasing. In the European Parliament the problem of premature birth was identifi...
Lasting volume reductions in subcortical and temporal-insular cortices after premature birth suggest altered ongoing activity in these areas. We hypothesized altered fluctuations in ongoing neural exc...
Globally, preterm birth (PTB) and low infant birth weight (LBW) are leading causes of maternal and child morbidity and mortality. Inadequate water and sanitation access (WASH) are risk factors for PTB...
Echocardiography is an important technique in neonatal care. The heart of a premature baby is known to be different from that of a term baby, and there is a paucity of literature regarding referenc...
Birth preferences, such as mode and place of birth and other birth options, have important individual and societal implications, yet few studies have investigated the mechanism which predicts a wide r...
Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).
A type of cardiac arrhythmia with premature contractions of the HEART VENTRICLES. It is characterized by the premature QRS complex on ECG that is of abnormal shape and great duration (generally >129 msec). It is the most common form of all cardiac arrhythmias. Premature ventricular complexes have no clinical significance except in concurrence with heart diseases.
The premature cessation of menses (MENSTRUATION) when the last menstrual period occurs in a woman under the age of 40. It is due to the depletion of OVARIAN FOLLICLES. Premature MENOPAUSE can be caused by diseases; OVARIECTOMY; RADIATION; chemicals; and chromosomal abnormalities.
A type of cardiac arrhythmia with premature atrial contractions or beats caused by signals originating from ectopic atrial sites. The ectopic signals may or may not conduct to the HEART VENTRICLES. Atrial premature complexes are characterized by premature P waves on ECG which are different in configuration from the P waves generated by the normal pacemaker complex in the SINOATRIAL NODE.
CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...