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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the growth of the lung and how easily gas can be taken up by the lung in healthy infants born at full term without any breathing problems and infants born prematurely.
SPECIFIC AIM #1:
Determine the relationship between parenchymal tissue and alveolar volume with normal lung growth early in life.
We hypothesize that during the first two years of life that parenchymal surface area and alveolar volume increase with somatic growth; however, the ratio of surface area to volume remains constant, while ventilation within the lung becomes more homogenous.
SPECIFIC AIM #2:
Determine the pulmonary sequelae of premature birth and assess the effectiveness of early treatment strategies upon the pulmonary sequelae.
We hypothesize that premature birth impedes growth and development of the lung parenchyma and the airways. In addition, initiating continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and a permissive ventilatory strategy in very premature infants at birth will improve lung growth and lung function compared to treatment with early surfactant and conventional ventilation.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Riley Hospital for Children
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:40:40-0400
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of acupressure application in very low birth weight premature.
Prematurity is the leading cause of mortality and perinatal morbidity. Despite the many preventive measures and use of tocolytic therapy, the incidence of premature births has not decrease...
Our intervention in the maternity and neonatal wards helped our sensibility to the immediate parental reaction to the premature birth. Among these reactions, what is called "stress" by the...
The main purpose of the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is to optimize the development of the newborn. Preterm children are at greater risk for developmental disorders. On the one hand...
In France, threatened preterm labour concerns 6.5% of pregnancies and is associated with a premature birth in 25.4% of cases. After 48 hours effective tocolysis, patients do not receive a...
Neonatal sepsis is a leading cause of child morbidity and mortality, especially in premature and low-birth-weight (LBW) infants. Prompt antibiotic therapy is warranted, but its inappropriate use leads...
A preference for eveningness (being a "night owl") and preterm birth (
Extreme ambient temperatures have been linked to preterm birth. Preterm premature rupture of membranes is a common precursor to preterm birth but is rarely studied in relation to temperature.
Premature decidual senescence is a contributing factor to preterm birth. Fatty acid amide hydrolase mutant females (Faah-/-) with higher endocannabinoid levels are also more susceptible to preterm bir...
Premature birth occurs when nephrogenesis is incomplete and has been linked to increased renal pathologies in the adult. Metabolic factors complicating preterm birth may have additional consequences f...
Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).
A type of cardiac arrhythmia with premature contractions of the HEART VENTRICLES. It is characterized by the premature QRS complex on ECG that is of abnormal shape and great duration (generally >129 msec). It is the most common form of all cardiac arrhythmias. Premature ventricular complexes have no clinical significance except in concurrence with heart diseases.
The premature cessation of menses (MENSTRUATION) when the last menstrual period occurs in a woman under the age of 40. It is due to the depletion of OVARIAN FOLLICLES. Premature MENOPAUSE can be caused by diseases; OVARIECTOMY; RADIATION; chemicals; and chromosomal abnormalities.
A type of cardiac arrhythmia with premature atrial contractions or beats caused by signals originating from ectopic atrial sites. The ectopic signals may or may not conduct to the HEART VENTRICLES. Atrial premature complexes are characterized by premature P waves on ECG which are different in configuration from the P waves generated by the normal pacemaker complex in the SINOATRIAL NODE.
CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...