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Gemcitabine With or Without Combination Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Nonmetastatic Pancreatic Cancer That Cannot Be Removed By Surgery

2014-08-27 03:40:54 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine, fluorouracil, and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) together with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known which treatment regimen is more effective for pancreatic cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying gemcitabine, fluorouracil, cisplatin, and radiation therapy to see how well they work compared to gemcitabine alone in treating patients with nonmetastatic pancreatic cancer that cannot be removed by surgery.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- Compare the overall survival of patients with nonresectable, nonmetastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas treated with gemcitabine hydrochloride with vs without fluorouracil, cisplatin, and radiotherapy followed by gemcitabine hydrochloride.

Secondary

- Compare the toxicities of these regimens in these patients.

- Compare the objective response (complete, partial, or stable) in patients treated with these regimens.

- Compare the clinical benefit, in terms of general condition and weight maintenance in patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to WHO performance status (0 or 1 vs 2), initial treatment (laparotomy with or without bilio-digestive diversion) (yes vs no), and peritoneal cytology (positive vs negative). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

- Arm I: Patients receive cisplatin IV over 15 minutes on days 1-5 and 29-33 and fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1-40. Patients also undergo radiotherapy daily, 5 days a week, for 6 weeks.

- Arm II: Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 15 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 7 days for 7 weeks.

Beginning in week 11 of arm I or week 9 of arm II, patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 15 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for up to 10 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed periodically.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 190 patients will be accrued for this trial.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Pancreatic Cancer

Intervention

cisplatin liposomal, fluorouracil, gemcitabine hydrochloride

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:40:54-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.

An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.

Tumors or cancer of the PANCREAS. Depending on the types of ISLET CELLS present in the tumors, various hormones can be secreted: GLUCAGON from PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS; INSULIN from PANCREATIC BETA CELLS; and SOMATOSTATIN from the SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS. Most are malignant except the insulin-producing tumors (INSULINOMA).

Star-shaped, myofibroblast-like cells located in the periacinar, perivascular, and periductal regions of the EXOCRINE PANCREAS. They play a key role in the pathobiology of FIBROSIS; PANCREATITIS; and PANCREATIC CANCER.

A 36-amino acid pancreatic hormone that is secreted mainly by endocrine cells found at the periphery of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS and adjacent to cells containing SOMATOSTATIN and GLUCAGON. Pancreatic polypeptide (PP), when administered peripherally, can suppress gastric secretion, gastric emptying, pancreatic enzyme secretion, and appetite. A lack of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) has been associated with OBESITY in rats and mice.

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