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The hypothesis is that in sickle cell anaemia, nocturnal oxyhaemoglobin desaturation, is associated with low processing speed index, and this morbidity can be reduced with overnight auto Continuous Positive Airways Pressure and/or oxygen supplementation.
Intervention: Overnight auto Continuous Positive Airways Pressure (CPAP) with oxygen supplementation if mean overnight oxyhaemoglobin saturation is not >94% after 2 weeks of autoCPAP
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Single Blind
Sickle Cell Anaemia
auto Continuous Positive Airways Pressure (CPAP) with oxygen supplementation
Institute of Child Health
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:40:58-0400
Cluster headache is also called suicide headache due to excruciating nocturnal attacks. There are few treatment options available. Inhalation of oxygen has shown to abort the attacks. Con...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether Continuous Positive Airways Pressure (CPAP) improves quality of life, cardiovascular (blood pressure) and metabolic profile (glucose and l...
The purpose of this randomized prospective study is to compare the efficacy of two approaches to initiate PAP treatment in patients diagnosed as having OSA by portable monitoring (limited ...
The investigators propose a multicentric controlled randomized trial whose goal is to evaluate the possibility of a prediction of the efficiency of APAP (automatic continuous positive airw...
The purpose of this study is to determine if an Autoadjusting CPAP machine is better than the regular CPAP machine in treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in the postoperative setting.
A number of reports exist regarding the use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to manage obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in children, which we term 'conventional CPAP'. In contrast, there ar...
Nasal congestion and obstruction are reported in the majority of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) users and are frequently cited as reasons for noncompliance. To our knowledge, no study has ...
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment reduces blood pressure (BP) in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and hypertensive patients, but there is a lack of data about the effects of CPAP on t...
Adherence to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is crucial. Our aim was to identify protective and risk factors against the discontinuation of CP...
Severe obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) can lead to neurocognitive alterations, including gait impairments. The beneficial effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on improving excessive da...
Non-therapeutic positive end-expiratory pressure occurring frequently in patients with severe airway obstruction. It can appear with or without the administration of external positive end-expiratory pressure (POSITIVE-PRESSURE RESPIRATION). It presents an important load on the inspiratory muscles which are operating at a mechanical disadvantage due to hyperinflation. Auto-PEEP may cause profound hypotension that should be treated by intravascular volume expansion, increasing the time for expiration, and/or changing from assist mode to intermittent mandatory ventilation mode. (From Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1127)
A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)
Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase of spontaneous respiration.
Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase when the patient has an artificial airway in place and is connected to a ventilator.
The pressure within the CARDIAC ATRIUM. It can be measured directly by using a pressure catheter (see HEART CATHETERIZATION). It can be also estimated using various imaging techniques or other pressure readings such as PULMONARY CAPILLARY WEDGE PRESSURE (an estimate of left atrial pressure) and CENTRAL VENOUS PRESSURE (an estimate of right atrial pressure).
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...