Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
This study will evaluate whether applying electrical stimulation on the cerebellum (posterior and lower part of the brain) can influence brain excitability and hand movement performance.
A new technique became available to stimulate the brain: transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), which could improve the ability to learn. Researchers do not know whether applying tDCS over the cerebellum could also influence motor function, and they want to examine changes in brain excitability, by using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS).
Patients ages 18 to 40 who are not pregnant may be eligible for this study. They will come to NIH for a medical history and completing a questionnaire about memory and attention. There will be five experiments, each up to 5 hours, for about 1 to 5 weeks, in which patients perform tasks like pinching a special device between the thumb and index fingers, or reaching for target objects on the computer screen. Patients will receive mild electrical stimulation over a different part of the head each day. Some experiments are done without the electrical current, but patients will not know which ones are with or without stimulation. There are also short questionnaires about attention, fatigue, and mood, to be completed before, during, and after each experiment.
Patients will be connected to an electromyography (EMG) machine, to measure electrical activity of muscles. Electrodes are taped to the skin over one small hand muscle. TMS allows electrical pulses to pass through the brain to stimulate it. TMS is used at the beginning of each experiment to determine the precise location on the scalp of two target areas: cerebellum and motor cortex. TMS is a safe procedure. Discomfort, headache, or nausea can occur, but all symptoms usually go away promptly. During motor learning under tDCS, also a safe procedure, patients sit in a comfortable chair, and the arm and wrist and arm are kept still. Sponge electrodes are applied on the chin, back of the head, neck, collarbone, lateral part of the head, or above the eyebrow. A small electrical current is passed between electrodes. Patients may feel an itching or tingling sensation under the electrodes or see slight light flashes. tDCS is applied for 20 to 30 minutes. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan, which may also be involved, uses a strong magnetic field and radio waves to obtain images of body organs and tissues. Patients lie on a table in a cylinder and may be asked to lie still for up to 60 minutes at a time.
This study will not have a direct benefit for participants. However, knowledge gained may help researchers identify ways to improve movement in people with a brain injury, such as chronic stroke.
Non-invasive brain stimulation can modulate motor function in healthy volunteers and stroke patients when applied over the primary motor cortex (M1). M1 is an evident target for therapeutic interventions given its key role in motor control and learning. However, given the wide variety of motor dysfunctions following focal neurological injuries such as stroke, it is desirable to find out whether alternative neuronal structures could also be responsive to non-invasive brain stimulation for enhancing motor recovery. The cerebellum is an attractive target for therapeutic non-invasive brain stimulation since (i) the cerebellum plays a pivotal role in motor learning of reaching and movement synchronization tasks, (ii) the deep cerebellar nuclei are involved in the regulation of M1 neuronal activity through their excitatory drive to M1, and (iii) the cerebellum may be adaptively recruited after brain injury.
The purpose of this study is to find out if application of non-invasive transcranial DC stimulation (tDCS) can modulate motor cortical function. We hypothesize that tDCS of the cerebellar hemisphere ipsilateral (Cerebellum IPSI) to the target hand will modulate corticomotor excitability and motor function in healthy volunteers.
40 healthy volunteers (18-40 years).
This proof of principle study will determine if tDCS applied over the cerebellum can modulate focally motor excitability (as assessed by TMS) and motor performance. The stimulation parameters to be studied are polarity (anodal, cathodal and sham tDCS) and intensity (1 mA and 2 mA). The focality of stimulation will be addressed by applying tDCS over the neck and over M1 in separate control sessions, and by monitoring changes in cerebello-cortical excitability with paired-pulse TMS.
The outcome measures will be changes in motor cortical excitability as measured with TMS and in performance of an isometric pinch force task, a reaching task, and a motor sequence timing task. Attention and mood will be assessed to rule out nonspecific arousal effects. Paired-pulse TMS will be used to demonstrate modulations in cerebello-cortical connections and to characterize changes in intra-cortical excitability.
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:41:01-0400
Healthy Together is a program that promotes the achievement and maintenance of healthy weights in children and their families.
Investigators conducted a pilot feasibility and acceptability randomized controlled trial of a remotely delivered behavioral health coaching program in pregnancy and postpartum.
Absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME) study with 14C in healthy young men.
The purpose of this study is to understand how consuming healthy cookies every day for two weeks will affect different types of fat in the blood. Specifically, the overall goal of this stu...
To assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of IMA-026 administered subcutaneously (SC) or intravenously (IV) in healthy adults.
The American Nurses Association declared 2017 the Year of the Healthy Nurse. In an effort to promote a healthy academic environment, faculty and staff in institutions of higher learning should serve a...
Data on cranial morphology of healthy individuals can be used as the guide in the treatment of cranial deformity. There are many reports analyzing the cranial morphology of healthy children in the pas...
Across Ontario, the Healthy Babies Healthy Children (HBHC) postpartum screening tool is routinely used to identify families with potential risk of negative development outcomes for children.
Sequence-specific learning (SSL); the ability to implicitly integrate repeated sequences compared to random sequences during a motor sequence paradigm, is impaired in healthy elders (HE) compared to h...
Few studies have recommended the essential domains of healthy aging and their relevant measurement to assess healthy aging comprehensively. This review is to fill the gap, by conducting a literature r...
Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.
Governmental guidelines and objectives pertaining to public food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet and changes in food habits to ensure healthy diet.
Surgical reinnervation of a denervated peripheral target using a healthy donor nerve and/or its proximal stump. The direct connection is usually made to a healthy postlesional distal portion of a non-functioning nerve or implanted directly into denervated muscle or insensitive skin. Nerve sprouts will grow from the transferred nerve into the denervated elements and establish contact between them and the neurons that formerly controlled another area.
Process of evaluating the health of a patient and determining if they are healthy enough for surgery.
Dietary patterns which have been found to be important in reducing disease risk.
Of all the types of Dementia, Alzheimer's disease is the most common, affecting around 465,000 people in the UK. Neurons in the brain die, becuase 'plaques' and 'tangles' (mis-folded proteins) form in the brain. People with Al...
Obstetrics and gynaecology
Fertility Menopause Obstetrics & Gynaecology Osteoporosis Women's Health Obstetrics and gynaecology comprises the care of the pregnant woman, her unborn child and the management of diseases specific to women. Most consultant...
Anything that breaks the skin is a wound because when the skin is broken, there's a risk of germs getting into the body and causing an infection. Follow and track Wound Care News on BioPortfolio: Wound Car...