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Determining Long-Term Safety and Efficacy of Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine When Given With Measles Vaccine

2014-08-27 03:41:06 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The previously conducted JEV01 study looked at the immunogenicity and safety of the concurrent administration of Japanese Live Attenuated SA 14-14-2 and measles vaccines at the one month post vaccination time point. The purpose of the JEV01 study was to help ensure the safety of SA 14-14-2 simultaneously administered with measles vaccine, paving the way for its use in routine EPI programs. As a follow-on to JEV01, this study will enroll those infants who received both vaccines and completed the JEV01 study. This study, however, will provide crucial data to help ensure the long-term immunogenicity of the concurrent administration of these vaccines and provide valuable information to determine the use of these vaccines in routine immunization programs. This study is planned because in the original protocol for JEV01, long-term data points were not included. The hypothesis is that children who receive JE live attenuated SA 14-14-2 vaccine and measles vaccine at the same time have long-term (24 and 36 months post vaccination) protection against these diseases at the same level as those who receive the vaccines at different intervals.

Description

Japanese encephalitis is the leading cause of viral neurological disease and disability in Asia. The severity of sequelae, together with the volume of cases, make JE the most important cause of viral encephalitis in the world. Approximately 3 billion people—including 700 million children—live in Asian areas at risk for JE. JE most commonly infects children between the ages of 1 and 15 years, and can also infect adults in areas where the virus is newly introduced. More than 50,000 cases are reported annually and cause an estimated 10,000 to 15,000 deaths. This figure is believed to represent only a small proportion of the disease burden that actually exists.

An effective vaccine has existed since 1941, but has not reached the poorest countries in Asia. During the 60 years that the vaccine has been available, JE has infected an estimated 10.5 million children, resulting in more than 3 million deaths and more than 4 million children living with long-term disabilities. Control of this disease has been limited due to poor disease surveillance, a limited and unstable vaccine supply, lack of guidance and programmatic support for immunization, and limited advocacy.

A successful vaccine should be safe, efficacious, affordable, administered in a single dose, and easily incorporated into the routine Expanded Programmes on Immunization (EPI) programs.

This trial is designed to determine the potential interference between the measles vaccine and the Japanese encephalitis vaccine at 12, 24, and 36 months post-vaccination. As these vaccines will be used in routine EPI systems at the same time, similar to how measles and yellow fever vaccine (also a Flavivirus) are administered, it is imperative to collect long-term data showing that neither vaccine interferes with seroconversion of the other when co-administered.This information will help to ensure subject safety and facilitate programmatic efficiency, reducing the number of immunization visits for both parents and health care workers.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Encephalitis, Japanese B

Intervention

Live attenuated SA 14-14-2 vaccine

Location

Research Institute for Tropical Medicine (RITM)
Manila
Philippines

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

Program for Appropriate Technology in Health

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:41:06-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), found in Australia and New Guinea. It causes a fulminating viremia resembling Japanese encephalitis (ENCEPHALITIS, JAPANESE).

A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), which is the etiological agent of Japanese encephalitis found in Asia, southeast Asia, and the Indian subcontinent.

A subgroup of the genus FLAVIVIRUS which comprises a number of viral species that are the etiologic agents of human encephalitis in many different geographical regions. These include Japanese encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE), St. Louis encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, ST. LOUIS), Murray Valley encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, MURRAY VALLEY), and WEST NILE VIRUS.

A live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had mumps or been immunized with live mumps vaccine. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine.

A live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had measles or been immunized with live measles vaccine and have no serum antibodies against measles. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine. (From Dorland, 28th ed)

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