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Investigation of Genetic Risk of Atrial Fibrillation

2014-08-27 03:41:06 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac rhythm disturbance that is responsible for substantial morbidity and mortality independent of associated heart disease or other risk factors. Even in the absence of preexisting cardiovascular disease, AF remains significantly associated with excess mortality rates. The current unsatisfactory treatment for AF comes from lack of understanding of the pathophysiology of AF. The purpose of this study is to identify gene polymorphisms that confer susceptibility to atrial fibrillation. Patients with AF(N=500) and healthy volunteer(N=1000) without AF are enrolled in this study. Patients with coronary artery disease, severe valvular heart disease, cardiomyopathy or heart failure were excluded from the study.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case Control, Observational Model: Natural History, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional, Time Perspective: Retrospective

Conditions

Atrial Fibrillation

Location

Department of Bio-information Analysis, Research Institute of Enviromental Medicine, Nagoya University
Nagoya
Aichi
Japan

Status

Recruiting

Source

Nagoya University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:41:06-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).

Long-term changes in the electrophysiological parameters and/or anatomical structures of the HEART ATRIA that result from prolonged changes in atrial rate, often associated with ATRIAL FIBRILLATION or long periods of intense EXERCISE.

A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)

Impaired or delayed impulse conduction between the right and left HEART ATRIA. Advanced interatrial blocks are often associated with arrhythmias (e.g., ATRIAL FLUTTER; and ATRIAL FIBRILLATION), direct conduction block via the Bachmann's bundle and concomitant left atrial enlargement. Syndrome of advanced interatrial block associated with SUPRAVENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA is referred to as Bayes syndrome.

A THROMBIN inhibitor which acts by binding and blocking thrombogenic activity and the prevention of thrombus formation. It is used to reduce the risk of stroke and systemic EMBOLISM in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation.

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