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Effects of Tinzaparin on Cardio-Vascular Outcomes and on Blood Lipids in Diabetic Patients on Chronic Hemodialysis

2014-08-27 03:41:15 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) provides a safe and effective alternative to UFH for hemodialysis anticoagulation. While unfractionated (UF) heparin has been implicated in hyper-lipidemia, the effect of LMWHs on the lipid profile in non-diabetic patients on chronic hemodialysis remains controversial. The effect of LMWH in diabetic patients, a high risk group for developing hyper-lipidemia and cardio-vascular disease, has not been studied.

The study intends to examine the long-term effects of the replacement of UFH by LMWH (tinzaparin sodium) on cardio-vascular outcomes and on lipoprotein profiles in a large group of diabetic patients stable on HD.

Description

Hemodialysed diabetic patients constitute a high-risk subset of patients for developing cardio-vascular disease, which accounts for nearly 50% of deaths. In those patients, mortality rates probably exceed 20% per year. After stratification for age, race and gender, cardio-vascular mortality is 10-20 times higher in these patients than in the general population. Thus cardio-vascular risk factors in these patients should be managed early, aggressively and in a multi-factorial manner in order to reduce their high cardio-vascular morbidity and mortality.

Low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) provides a safe and effective alternative to UFH for hemodialysis anticoagulation. While unfractionated (UF) heparin has been implicated in hyper-lipidemia, the effect of LMWHs on the lipid profile in non-diabetic patients on chronic hemodialysis remains controversial. The effect of LMWH in diabetic patients, a high risk group for developing hyper-lipidemia and cardio-vascular disease, has not been studied.

The study intends to examine the long-term effects of the replacement of UFH by LMWH (tinzaparin sodium) on cardio-vascular outcomes and on lipoprotein profiles in a large group of diabetic patients stable on HD.

Tinzaparin sodium is superior to UFH in terms of reducing cardio-vascular and cerebrovascular outcomes (primary end-point). Tinzaparin sodium is superior to UFH in terms of reducing the specified lipid parameters of stable diabetic patients on chronic hemodialysis.

A time-to-event analysis is the tool that will be used for recording events rate. Accordingly, the study will aim in enrolling 200 diabetic nephropathy patients, but allowing for a 10% drop-out rate, the number of evaluable patients in the study will be 180.

Therefore, for the primary triple end-point of death/MI/stroke (ischemic) with 180 evaluable patients, we will have an 80% power (at a two-sided alpha level of 0.05) to detect a statistical significant difference in the 2 groups if the rate of events in the UFH group is 30% and on tinzaparin is 13% or less.

For the secondary end-points in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, if we assume that the event rate in the UFH group is 50%, then a statistical significance can be achieved if the rate in the tinzaparin group is at 30% or less.

For differences in average lipid values between the 2 groups, with 180 evaluable patients, a 2-sided alpha level at 0.05 and with 80% power, we can detect statistical significance if the difference is: for Total Cholesterol=19 mg/dL (SD of 46), for HDL-C = 4.6 mg/dL (SD=11), for TG = 30 mg/dL (SD=72), for LDL-C = 15 (SD=36) and for ApoB = 13 (SD=32).

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Bio-equivalence Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Diabetes Mellitus

Intervention

tinzaparin

Location

Baia Mare County Hospital
Baia Mare
Romania
010731

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Anemia Working Group Romania

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:41:15-0400

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Urination of a large volume of urine with an increase in urinary frequency, commonly seen in diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS; DIABETES INSIPIDUS).

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