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Randomized Intervention for Children With Vesicoureteral Reflux (RIVUR)

2014-07-23 21:34:33 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to learn whether all children with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) should be treated with antibiotics. The study will tell us if prophylactic antibiotic treatment prevents urinary tract infections and renal scarring in children with VUR.

Description

This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial is designed to determine whether daily antimicrobial prophylaxis is superior to placebo in preventing recurrence of urinary tract infection (UTI) in children with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). Eligibility criteria are described elsewhere. Patients will be randomly assigned to treatment for 2 years with daily antimicrobial prophylaxis (trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole) or placebo. The study is designed to recruit 600 children (approximately 300 in each treatment group) over a 24 month period. The protocol will encourage prompt evaluation of children with UTI symptoms and early therapy of culture-proven UTIs. It is expected that approximately 10% of children will have to discontinue study medication due to allergic reactions. Assuming a 20% placebo event rate and 10% non-compliance rate, the study has 83% power to detect an absolute 10% event rate in the antimicrobial prophylaxis group. If the placebo event rate is instead 25%, power is 97% to detect an absolute 10% event rate in the treated group, even if non-compliance is as high as 15%.

In addition to collecting follow-up data on urinary tract infections, renal scarring and antimicrobial resistance, quality of life, compliance, safety parameters, utilization of health resources, and change in VUR will be assessed periodically throughout the study.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Vesico-Ureteral Reflux

Intervention

Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole, Placebo

Location

University of Alabama
Birmingham
Alabama
United States
35233

Status

Recruiting

Source

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:34:33-0400

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PubMed Articles [1334 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Impact of Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole Urinary Tract Infection Prophylaxis on Non-UTI Infections.

In this secondary analysis of the Randomized Intervention for Children with Vesicoureteral Reflux (RIVUR) cohort, we found that daily prophylaxis with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole was not associated ...

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Retrograde flow of urine from the URINARY BLADDER into the URETER. This is often due to incompetence of the vesicoureteral valve leading to ascending bacterial infection into the KIDNEY.

A pyrimidine inhibitor of dihydrofolate reductase, it is an antibacterial related to PYRIMETHAMINE. The interference with folic acid metabolism may cause a depression of hematopoiesis. It is potentiated by SULFONAMIDES and the TRIMETHOPRIM-SULFAMETHOXAZOLE COMBINATION is the form most often used. It is sometimes used alone as an antimalarial. TRIMETHOPRIM RESISTANCE has been reported.

A drug combination with broad-spectrum antibacterial activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. It is effective in the treatment of many infections, including PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA in AIDS.

This drug combination has proved to be an effective therapeutic agent with broad-spectrum antibacterial activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. It is effective in the treatment of many infections, including PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA in AIDS.

Retrograde bile flow. Reflux of bile can be from the duodenum to the stomach (DUODENOGASTRIC REFLUX); to the esophagus (GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX); or to the PANCREAS.

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