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Human BNP (Nesiritide) to Help Heart, Kidney, and Hormonal Functions in Persons With Lower Heart Pumping Function

2014-08-27 03:41:20 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The following are done for screening procedures to determine if patients are eligible for this study: blood count, kidney and liver blood tests. Patients will complete a 6-minute walk test. Patients will be instructed to follow a no-added-salt diet for 1-3 weeks before the study and for the whole duration of the study. Diet instructions will be given to the patient and the patient will collect his/her urine for 24 hours before the active study day. Patients will need to avoid strenuous exercise and abstain from smoking, alcohol, and caffeine for 3 days prior to the study days. Patients will remain on their regular medications. Please read the detailed description for more information.

Description

Participants in this study will be randomized to receive BNP or placebo (an inactive, saline shot). The participant will need to give themselves a shot in their stomach (similar to diabetics giving themselves insulin) twice a day for twelve weeks. The study requires a screening visit at the Charlton Building to determine eligibility and discuss the study. At this visit a blood draw for heart and liver function and a six minute walk will be done. There will also be two other outpatient visits and two inpatient stays, for 48 hours, in the General Clinical Research Center (GCRC) at St. Marys Hospital. During the two in -patient stays in the GCRC, blood and urine samples will be done to get heart and kidney function as well as a research echo. After enrollment, the study lasts for twelve weeks. There is a one week visit in outpatient setting getting a blood draw and a 6 week visit in outpatient setting to get a blood draw, 24 hour urine collection and resupply the study medication. There is a one week visit in outpatient setting getting a blood draw and a 6 week visit in outpatient setting to get a blood draw, 24 hour urine collection and resupply the study medication.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Conditions

Congestive Heart Failure

Intervention

Human BNP Natrecor

Location

Mayo Clinic
Rochester
Minnesota
United States
55905

Status

Recruiting

Source

Mayo Clinic

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:41:20-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)

Agents that have a strengthening effect on the heart or that can increase cardiac output. They may be CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES; SYMPATHOMIMETICS; or other drugs. They are used after MYOCARDIAL INFARCT; CARDIAC SURGICAL PROCEDURES; in SHOCK; or in congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).

A semisynthetic digitalis glycoside with the general properties of DIGOXIN but more rapid onset of action. Its cardiotonic action is prolonged by its demethylation to DIGOXIN in the liver. It has been used in the treatment of congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).

A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

Disease of CARDIAC MUSCLE resulting from chronic excessive alcohol consumption. Myocardial damage can be caused by: (1) a toxic effect of alcohol; (2) malnutrition in alcoholics such as THIAMINE DEFICIENCY; or (3) toxic effect of additives in alcoholic beverages such as COBALT. This disease is usually manifested by DYSPNEA and palpitations with CARDIOMEGALY and congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).

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