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The RALES study has shown that spironolactone reduces the risk of morbidity and mortality both from progressive heart failure and sudden death, in patients with NYHA III or IV heart failure. This favourable effect was clearly independent from a diuretic effect. Antialdosterone drugs may be effective because they opposes the effects of aldosterone on sodium retention, loss of magnesium and potassium, sympathetic activation, baroreceptor function and vascular compliance. Antialdosterone treatment may also antagonize the effect of aldosterone in promoting cardiac fibrosis. In a RALES substudy baseline serum PIIINP, a marker of cardiac fibrosis synthesis showed an independent negative correlation with survival and CHF hospitalizations in the placebo group. Therefore it seems interesting to evaluate the effect of an Aldosterone receptor blocker on progression of left ventricular dysfunction in patients with mild heart failure assuming standard therapy.
The protocol is sponsored by and independent organization and partially supported by Therabel
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Presidio GM Lancisi
Heart Care Foundation
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:41:26-0400
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A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.
Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial contraction during SYSTOLE leading to defective cardiac emptying.
Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial relaxation during DIASTOLE leading to defective cardiac filling.
Agents that have a strengthening effect on the heart or that can increase cardiac output. They may be CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES; SYMPATHOMIMETICS; or other drugs. They are used after MYOCARDIAL INFARCT; CARDIAC SURGICAL PROCEDURES; in SHOCK; or in congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...