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G-Step: Gemcitabine Based Small-Cell Lung Cancer Treatment in Elderly Patients

2014-08-27 03:41:32 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to describe the activity and toxicity of gemcitabine combined with four different drugs (carboplatin or cisplatin or etoposide or vinorelbine) as first line treatment of elderly patients with extensive small cell lung cancer.

Description

Four treatment arms are planned.

- GEMVIN: gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 and vinorelbine 25 mg/m2 on days 1 & 8, every 21 days

- GEMCAR: gemcitabine 1000 on days 1 & 8 and carboplatin AUC 3.5 or 4 or 4.5 on day 1, every 21 days

- GEMCIS: gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 on days 1 & 8 and cisplatin 50 or 60 or 70 mg/m2 on day 1, every 21 days

- GEMETO: gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 on days 1 & 8 and etoposide 60 or 70 or 80 mg/m2 on days 1,2,3 every 21 days

For the study of the GEMVIN combination a two-stage minimax flexible design will be applied. For the remaining 3 combinations (GEMCAR, GEMCIS, GEMETO) a phase 1/2 design aimed at looking for optimal dose within a Bayesian framework will be applied.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Small Cell Lung Cancer

Intervention

gemcitabine, vinorelbine, cisplatin, etoposide, carboplatin

Location

Azienda Ospedaliera S. Giuseppe Moscati, U.O. di Oncologia Medica
Monteforte Irpino
AV
Italy
83024

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute, Naples

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:41:32-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A semisynthetic derivative of PODOPHYLLOTOXIN that exhibits antitumor activity. Etoposide inhibits DNA synthesis by forming a complex with topoisomerase II and DNA. This complex induces breaks in double stranded DNA and prevents repair by topoisomerase II binding. Accumulated breaks in DNA prevent entry into the mitotic phase of cell division, and lead to cell death. Etoposide acts primarily in the G2 and S phases of the cell cycle.

Malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelium of the BRONCHI. It represents a large group of epithelial lung malignancies which can be divided into two clinical groups: SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER and NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CARCINOMA.

A form of highly malignant lung cancer that is composed of small ovoid cells (SMALL CELL CARCINOMA).

An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.

A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.

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