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Capecitabine and Paclitaxel (Albumin-Stabilized Nanoparticle Formulation) in Treating Women Undergoing Surgery for Stage II or Stage III Breast Cancer

2014-07-24 14:23:29 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as capecitabine and paclitaxel (albumin-stablized nanoparticle formulation, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed.

PURPOSE: This phase II/III trial is studying how well giving capecitabine together with paclitaxel (albumin-stabilized nanoparticle formulation) works in treating women undergoing surgery for stage II or stage III breast cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- Determine the rate of pathological complete response (i.e., tumor completely gone) in women with previously untreated, unresected, stage II-IIIB breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant therapy comprising capecitabine and paclitaxel (albumin-stabilized nanoparticle formulation) (Abraxane^®).

Secondary

- Evaluate the safety of this regimen in these patients.

- Determine overall clinical response rate in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: Patients receive up to 4 courses of capecitabine and paclitaxel (nanoparticle albumin-stabilized formulation) (Abraxane^®) in the absence of disease progression. Patients then undergo definitive surgical resection of the tumor off study.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 33 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Breast Cancer

Intervention

capecitabine, paclitaxel albumin-stabilized nanoparticle formulation, neoadjuvant therapy

Location

Washington Cancer Institute at Washington Hospital Center
Washington
District of Columbia
United States
20010

Status

Recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:23:29-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An injectable formulation of albumin-bound paclitaxel NANOPARTICLES.

Preliminary cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone/endocrine therapy, immunotherapy, hyperthermia, etc.) that precedes a necessary second modality of treatment.

A condition in which albumin level in blood (SERUM ALBUMIN) is below the normal range. Hypoalbuminemia may be due to decreased hepatic albumin synthesis, increased albumin catabolism, altered albumin distribution, or albumin loss through the urine (ALBUMINURIA).

A histamine congener, it competitively inhibits HISTAMINE binding to HISTAMINE H2 RECEPTORS. Cimetidine has a range of pharmacological actions. It inhibits GASTRIC ACID secretion, as well as PEPSIN and GASTRINS output. It also blocks the activity of CYTOCHROME P-450 which might explain proposals for use in NEOADJUVANT THERAPY.

Cell surface proteins that bind albumin with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes influencing the behavior of cells.

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