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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the association of Melphalan/Prednisone/Revlimid (MPR) as induction treatment for newly diagnosed myeloma patients over age 65 or those under 65 years who refuse or are not eligible for high dose therapy. This association might further increase the response rate achieved by the standard oral MP regimen.
In Multiple Myeloma patients, the standard treatment is the oral combination of Melphalan and Prednisone (MP). This approach induces a partial response (PR) rate of approximately 50% and a complete remission (CR) rate of 1-5%, with a median remission duration of 18-20 months and a median overall survival of 3 years.
Recently, the combination of oral MP plus thalidomide increased response rate to 80% and complete remission rate to 20%, marked cytoreduction is the first step toward a sustained remission period.
CC-5013 (Revlimid) is a thalidomide analogue, 50000 times more potent than thalidomide in inhibiting TNF-alfa secretion, a potent growth factor for myeloma cells. Revlimid represents a novel class of anti-cancer drugs, it is active in patients with multiple myeloma who are refractory to conventional and high-dose chemotherapy with a response rate of approximately 30%. The association Revlimid plus dexamethasone further increases the response rate induced by Revlimid by an additional 30%.
This study will evaluate the safety and efficacy of the association of Melphalan/Prednisone/Revlimid (MPR) as induction treatment for newly diagnosed myeloma patients over age 65 or those under 65 years who refuse or are not eligible for high dose therapy. This association might further increase the response rate achieved by the standard oral MP regimen.
In the first part of the study (phase I component), different doses of oral Melphalan (0.18-0.25 mg/Kg) associated with Prednisone (MP) will be combined with escalating doses of Revlimid (from 5 mg/day) and administered together. This phase will define the MTD of the association. In the second part of the study (phase II component), 30 patients will be treated with MPR at dose/s defined from phase I component to verify data of response and toxicity.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Unità Operativa di Ematologia Trapianto di Cellule Staminali, Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza
San Giovanni Rotondo
University of Turin, Italy
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:41:44-0400
The purpose of this study is - to find out the effects of treating patients with two new chemotherapy drugs (bortezomib and Revlimid™), - to study how many patients' m...
The purpose if this study is to evaluate the side effects of the combination of bortezomib and Revlimid (CC-5013) in patients with relapsed and relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma.
This is an international, multicenter, open-label, single-arm study for advanced Multiple Myeloma patients who had previously taken high-dose dexamethasone alone or thalidomide plus high-d...
This study will determine whether the association of Revlimid and Prednisone (RP) as induction treatment followed by Revlimid, Melphalan and Prednisone (MPR) as consolidation treatment is...
Randomized subjects will receive CC-5013 plus high-dose dexamethasone or identically appearing placebo to CC-5013 plus high-dose dexamethasone, in 4-week cycles. For each subject the study...
To estimate the association between organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and multiple myeloma (MM).
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Multiple myeloma is a haematological blood cancer in elderly patients, in which neoplastic cell populations cause osteolytic destruction in the bone skeleton. More than 50% of all patients sustain pat...
An asymptomatic and slow-growing PLASMA CELL dyscrasia characterized by presence of MYELOMA PROTEINS and clonal bone marrow plasma cells without end-organ damage (e.g., renal impairment). It is distinguished from MONOCLONAL GAMMOPATHY OF UNDETERMINED SIGNIFICANCE by a much higher risk of progression to symptomatic MULTIPLE MYELOMA.
A rare, aggressive variant of MULTIPLE MYELOMA characterized by the circulation of excessive PLASMA CELLS in the peripheral blood. It can be a primary manifestation of multiple myeloma or develop as a terminal complication during the disease.
Abnormal immunoglobulins characteristic of MULTIPLE MYELOMA.
An abnormal protein with unusual thermosolubility characteristics that is found in the urine of patients with MULTIPLE MYELOMA.
A pyrazine and boronic acid derivative that functions as a reversible PROTEASOME INHIBITOR. It is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT in the treatment of MULTIPLE MYELOMA and MANTLE CELL LYMPHOMA.
Cytokine Tumour Necrosis Factor (TNF)
TNF is a compound that is classified as a cytokine which plays a central role in the cellular mechanisms of apoptosis or cell death. However, there are a number of different kinds of TNF, just under twenty, but the family of molecules have very similar a...
Myeloma is a malignant disease of the bone marrow. The features are an excess of abnormal malignant plasma cells in the bone marrow, lytic deposits on an X-ray and abnormal gammaglobulin in the serum. Symptoms include tiredness and bone pain, and t...