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RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies, such as rituximab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some block the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Others find cancer cells and help kill them or carry cancer-killing substances to them. Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving rituximab together with combination chemotherapy may kill more cancer cells.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving rituximab together with combination chemotherapy works in treating patients with newly diagnosed, HIV-associated Burkitt's lymphoma.
- Determine the efficacy of rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin hydrochloride, and high-dose methotrexate (R-CODOX-M ) alone or alternating with rituximab and ifosfamide, etoposide phosphate, and high-dose cytarabine (IVAC) and intrathecal CNS prophylaxis in patients with newly diagnosed, previously untreated, HIV-associated Burkitt's lymphoma or atypical Burkitt's lymphoma.
- Determine the safety of this regimen in these patients.
- Evaluate downstream effectors of apoptosis as mechanisms of chemotherapy resistance and prognosis and perform exploratory analysis of their relationship to treatment effect.
- Evaluate multi-drug resistance gene expression as a mechanism of chemotherapy resistance and prognosis and perform exploratory analysis of their relationship to treatment effect.
- Confirm the use of flow cytometry in the identification of occult leptomeningeal disease and determine whether abnormal flow cytometry is predictive when CNS cytology is negative for malignant cells.
- Determine the biologic and prognostic significance of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive Burkitt's lymphoma in the highly active antiretroviral therapy era and perform exploratory analysis of their relationship to treatment effect.
- Compare genotyping in patients with HIV-associated Burkitt's lymphoma with that of patients who are HIV-negative and determine whether they are uniform in their genetic profile or whether some cases are more like diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
- Determine if EBV detection in cerebrospinal fluid at diagnosis is predictive of leptomeningeal disease.
OUTLINE: This is a prospective, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to risk category (low-risk vs high-risk). Patients with low-risk disease receive 3 courses of R-CODOX-M chemotherapy as described below. Patients with high-risk disease receive 4 alternating courses of R-CODOX-M/IVAC chemotherapy as described below in an A/B/A/B sequence.* Courses repeat every 21-28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
NOTE: *In patients presenting with anasarca, pleural effusion, or ascites, methotrexate can pool causing difficulties with clearance; in this case, treatment may be given in a reverse sequence: B/A/B/A.
- Regimen A (R-CODOX-M chemotherapy): Patients receive rituximab** IV and doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 15 minutes on day 1, cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on days 1 and 2, pegfilgrastim subcutaneously (SC) on day 3, vincristine IV on days 1 and 8, high-dose methotrexate IV over 2-4 hours on day 15, and leucovorin calcium IV beginning 24 hours after the start of methotrexate and continuing every 6 hours until the methotrexate level is less than 50 nmol/L. Patients receive CNS prophylaxis comprising methotrexate intrathecally (IT), cytarabine IT, and hydrocortisone IT on day 1. Patients with high-risk disease receive an additional dose of cytarabine IT on day 3. Patients also receive filgrastim (G-CSF) SC once daily on days 3-9. Once the methotrexate levels drops below 50 nmol/L, patients resume G-CSF SC once daily beginning on approximately day 18 and continuing until blood counts recover.
- Regimen B (rituximab and IVAC chemotherapy): Patients receive rituximab** IV on day 1, ifosfamide IV continuously and etoposide IV continuously over 24 hours on days 1-5, and high-dose cytarabine IV over 1-3 hours twice daily on days 1-2. Patients receive CNS prophylaxis comprising methotrexate IT and hydrocortisone IT on day 5. Patients also receive pegfilgrastim SC once 24-48 hours after completion of chemotherapy OR G-CSF SC beginning on day 6 and continuing until blood counts recover.
Patients with CNS involvement (leptomeningeal and/or intraparenchymal) at diagnosis do not receive CNS prophylaxis as above. Instead, these patients receive a combination of sequential liposomal cytarabine and methotrexate IT or via an Ommaya reservoir on day 1 and then every 14 days as tolerated until completion of systemic chemotherapy.
NOTE: **Rituximab may be given up to 3 days before a chemotherapy course and anytime during the course for 3 (low-risk disease) or 4 (high-risk disease) total doses.
Patients undergo blood and cerebrospinal fluid collection and tumor biopsies periodically during study treatment for correlative studies of prognostic biomarkers predictive of survival (e.g., c-flip protein expression; p53 mutations [by immunohistochemistry (IHC)]; multidrug resistance gene expression [by IHC]; and Epstein-Barr virus in tumor DNA or cerebrospinal fluid [by polymerase chain reaction]); genotyping of Burkitt's lymphoma; and flow cytometry as a tool (by staining) for detecting occult positivity of leptomeningeal disease in Burkitt's lymphoma.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 4 months for at least 2 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 34 patients will be accrued for this study.
Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
filgrastim, pegfilgrastim, rituximab, cyclophosphamide, cytarabine, doxorubicin hydrochloride, etoposide, ifosfamide, leucovorin calcium, liposomal cytarabine, methotrexate, therapeutic hydrocortisone, vincristine sulfate
Rebecca and John Moores UCSD Cancer Center
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:41:52-0400
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A semisynthetic derivative of PODOPHYLLOTOXIN that exhibits antitumor activity. Etoposide inhibits DNA synthesis by forming a complex with topoisomerase II and DNA. This complex induces breaks in double stranded DNA and prevents repair by topoisomerase II binding. Accumulated breaks in DNA prevent entry into the mitotic phase of cell division, and lead to cell death. Etoposide acts primarily in the G2 and S phases of the cell cycle.
Congener of CYTARABINE that is metabolized to cytarabine and thereby maintains a more constant antineoplastic action.
A pyrimidine nucleoside analog that is used mainly in the treatment of leukemia, especially acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia. Cytarabine is an antimetabolite antineoplastic agent that inhibits the synthesis of DNA. Its actions are specific for the S phase of the cell cycle. It also has antiviral and immunosuppressant properties. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p472)
Precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent that must be activated in the LIVER to form the active aldophosphamide. It has been used in the treatment of LYMPHOMA and LEUKEMIA. Its side effect, ALOPECIA, has been used for defleecing sheep. Cyclophosphamide may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer.
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