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We investigate the clinical efficacy of Panax ginseng in Alzheimer’s disease (AD).
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is characterized by a progressive decline of memory and intellectual abilities, interfering activity in daily living, the overall quality of life, and ultimately leads to death. Although pharmacologic treatments are currently approved for treating mild- to moderate AD using acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (ACEI) or memantine, the NMDA antagonist, for the advanced stage of AD, the therapeutic efficacies need to be further improved.
For millennia, ginseng or its components have been used to treat medical conditions, and the pharmacologic effects have been demonstrated in cardiovascular, endocrine and immune system (Attele et al., 1999). In means of memory and learning, a number of studies suggested that ginseng can attenuate learning deficits of damaged or ageing brains in rodent models (Kennedy et al., 2003; Zhao and McDaniel, 1998; Nitta et al., 1995). In studies with human healthy participants, correspondently, both acute and chronic dosage of ginseng increased the cognitive performance (Kennedy et al., 2001; Kennedy et al., 2003; D’Angelo et al., 1986; Sorensen and Sonne, 1996).
In this study, we we will investigate the contribution of ginseng treatment in increasing the cognitive improvement of AD patients. In addition, we will test various bio-markers and hematopoietic progenitor cell count in those included patients using their blood samples. Patients with AD as well as memory decline will be included
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Seoul National University Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:41:53-0400
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To determine the effect of North American ginseng on blood pressure in individuals with hypertension.
Sailuotong (SLT) is a standard Chinese preparation made from extracts of Panax ginseng (ginseng), Ginkgo biloba (ginkgo), and Crocus sativus (saffron). Preliminary clinical trials and animal experimen...
The dynamics of metabolites from leaves to roots of Panax ginseng during development has revealed the tissue-specific and year-specific metabolic networks. Being an essential Oriental medicinal plant,...
Red ginseng (RG) is one of the main processed products of the roots and rhizomes of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer and is used for anti-ageing. But how metabonomic influences of RG on the progress of ageing...
Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer, reputed as the king of medicinal herbs, has slow growth, long generation time, low seed production, and complicated genome structure that hamper its study. Here, we unveil t...
Panax ginseng has been widely consumed as a functional food in the form of tea, powder, capsules, among others, and possesses a range of pharmacological activities including adaptogenic, immune-modula...
An araliaceous genus of plants that contains a number of pharmacologically active agents used as stimulants, sedatives, and tonics, especially in traditional medicine. Sometimes confused with Siberian ginseng (ELEUTHEROCOCCUS).
A plant species of the genus PANAX. It contains damarane-type tetracyclic TRITERPENES. The common names of Sanchi or Tienchi are also used for Panax pseudoginseng which is distinguished in containing oleanane-type pentacyclic triterpenoids.
Abnormal structures located chiefly in distal dendrites and, along with NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES and SENILE PLAQUES, constitute the three morphological hallmarks of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. Neuropil threads are made up of straight and paired helical filaments which consist of abnormally phosphorylated microtubule-associated tau proteins. It has been suggested that the threads have a major role in the cognitive impairment seen in Alzheimer disease.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent or treat ALZHEIMER DISEASE.
A progressive form of dementia characterized by the global loss of language abilities and initial preservation of other cognitive functions. Fluent and nonfluent subtypes have been described. Eventually a pattern of global cognitive dysfunction, similar to ALZHEIMER DISEASE, emerges. Pathologically, there are no Alzheimer or PICK DISEASE like changes, however, spongiform changes of cortical layers II and III are present in the TEMPORAL LOBE and FRONTAL LOBE. (From Brain 1998 Jan;121(Pt 1):115-26)
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Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...