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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the metabolic and anti-inflammatory effects of eccentric endurance exercise and to compare them with those of concentric exercise in healthy sedentary individuals.
Physical exercise decreases the risk of obesity, diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disease. Skeletal muscle can be exercised by two ways: Concentric contraction is defined as active shortening of muscles, e.g. by stepping upwards, whereas eccentric muscle contraction is defined as active resistance to stretching, e.g. by stepping downwards. Although the effects of exercise (i.e. the combination of concentric and eccentric muscle contraction) on metabolic parameters have been extensively investigated, there are no data on the specific metabolic effects of concentric versus those of eccentric muscle work in humans.
Comparison(s): Metabolic and anti-inflammatory effects of eccentric endurance exercise (i.e. stepping upwards), compared to metabolic and anti-inflammatory effects of concentric exercise (i.e. stepping downwards).
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Educational/Counseling/Training
Vorarlberg Institute of Vascular Investigation and Treatment
Vorarlberg Institute for Vascular Investigation and Treatment
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:42:07-0400
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Conditions characterized by abnormal lipid deposition due to disturbance in lipid metabolism, such as hereditary diseases involving lysosomal enzymes required for lipid breakdown. They are classified either by the enzyme defect or by the type of lipid involved.
Protein components on the surface of LIPOPROTEINS. They form a layer surrounding the hydrophobic lipid core. There are several classes of apolipoproteins with each playing a different role in lipid transport and LIPID METABOLISM. These proteins are synthesized mainly in the LIVER and the INTESTINES.
A family of vertebrate and insect lipid droplet associated proteins. They consist of a conserved N-terminal PAT domain (an alpha-helical region of about 110 amino acids), an 11-mer repeat region, and lipid-binding hydrophobic regions or 4-helix bundles near their C-termini. Perilipins transiently or constitutively localize to LIPID DROPLETS in ADIPOCYTES and FOAM CELLS, especially in regions adjacent to the PLASMA MEMBRANE and ENDOPLASMIC RECTICULUM. They are critical for lipid droplet synthesis and homeostasis as well as the regulation of lipid metabolism. Genetic variations in perilipins are associated with ATHEROSCLEROSIS; OBESITY; and DIABETES MELLITUS.
Dynamic cytoplasmic organelles found in almost all cells. They consist of a central core of LIPIDS surrounded by a phospholipid monolayer studded with surface proteins, and are involved in LIPID METABOLISM and storage.
Errors in the metabolism of LIPIDS resulting from inborn genetic MUTATIONS that are heritable.
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