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Organizational Skills Training for Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

2014-08-27 03:42:20 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study will evaluate the effectiveness of organizational skills training in improving organizational, time management, and planning difficulties in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Description

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common mental disorders among children. Children with ADHD frequently lack organizational, time management, and planning skills. These deficits can cause impaired functioning in multiple settings, including home, school, and peer relationships. Advancements in treatment options for these deficits, however, have been minimal. Previous research has indicated that organizational skills training (OST) is an effective intervention for improving organizational skills in children with ADHD. Its effectiveness relative to other available treatments is unknown. This study will compare the effectiveness of OST with that of contingency management (CM) and a waitlist condition in improving organizational, time management, and planning skills deficits in children with ADHD.

Participants in this study are randomly assigned to OST, CM, or Wait-List (WL). Participants in the OST and CM groups attend 20 1-hour sessions over 10 weeks. OST trains children to use a variety of techniques for improving their organizational skills. Both children and their parents attend every OST session. CM does not involve skills training. Rather, CM trains parents and teachers to identify desired "end" behaviors and to increase the frequency of these behaviors through the use of a structured reward system. Both children and their parents attend every CM session, but the children's participation will be minimal. Participants assigned to the waitlist condition will have the opportunity to receive their choice of either OST or CM once they have completed the study. All participants attend follow-up visits 1 month post-treatment. Participants assigned to OST and CM attend follow-up visits after 1 and 4 months into their next school grade. School performance, feelings about school, ADHD symptoms, organizational skills, family environment, medication or services received, and use of treatment strategies will be assessed at each follow-up visit.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Attention Deficit Disorder With Hyperactivity

Intervention

Organizational Skills Training, Contingency management (CM)

Location

New York University Child Study Center
New York
New York
United States
10016

Status

Recruiting

Source

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:42:20-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A propylamine derivative and selective ADRENERGIC UPTAKE INHIBITOR that is used in the treatment of ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER.

A methylphenidate derivative, DOPAMINE UPTAKE INHIBITOR and CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM STIMULANT that is used in the treatment of ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER.

A dextroamphetamine drug precursor that also functions as a CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM STIMULANT and DOPAMINE UPTAKE INHIBITOR and is used in the treatment of ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER.

A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-IV)

Training of the mentally or physically disabled in work skills so they may be returned to regular employment utilizing these skills.

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