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This study will evaluate the effectiveness of organizational skills training in improving organizational, time management, and planning difficulties in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common mental disorders among children. Children with ADHD frequently lack organizational, time management, and planning skills. These deficits can cause impaired functioning in multiple settings, including home, school, and peer relationships. Advancements in treatment options for these deficits, however, have been minimal. Previous research has indicated that organizational skills training (OST) is an effective intervention for improving organizational skills in children with ADHD. Its effectiveness relative to other available treatments is unknown. This study will compare the effectiveness of OST with that of contingency management (CM) and a waitlist condition in improving organizational, time management, and planning skills deficits in children with ADHD.
Participants in this study are randomly assigned to OST, CM, or Wait-List (WL). Participants in the OST and CM groups attend 20 1-hour sessions over 10 weeks. OST trains children to use a variety of techniques for improving their organizational skills. Both children and their parents attend every OST session. CM does not involve skills training. Rather, CM trains parents and teachers to identify desired "end" behaviors and to increase the frequency of these behaviors through the use of a structured reward system. Both children and their parents attend every CM session, but the children's participation will be minimal. Participants assigned to the waitlist condition will have the opportunity to receive their choice of either OST or CM once they have completed the study. All participants attend follow-up visits 1 month post-treatment. Participants assigned to OST and CM attend follow-up visits after 1 and 4 months into their next school grade. School performance, feelings about school, ADHD symptoms, organizational skills, family environment, medication or services received, and use of treatment strategies will be assessed at each follow-up visit.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Attention Deficit Disorder With Hyperactivity
Organizational Skills Training, Contingency management (CM)
New York University Child Study Center
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:42:20-0400
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