Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The Pennsylvania Adolescent Smoking Study (PASStudy) will evaluate the effectiveness of Motivational Interviewing (MI) compared to Structured Brief Advice (SBA) to reduce cigarette smoking among adolescents who smoke. MI is a brief 5 session client-centered psychotherapeutic style intended to increase "the probability that a person will enter into, continue and adhere to a specific change strategy." This will be compared with SBA, which implements Best Practice Guidelines (i.e., 5 A's and 5 R's) and assists participants in accessing the best available resources for smoking cessation.
The PASStudy is a Randomized Controlled Trial in which adolescents who smoke cigarettes will be randomized to receive either Motivational Interviewing (MI) or Structured Brief Advice (SBA). MI is an empirically supported, client-centered, directive method for matching counseling to an individual's readiness to change. Based on the principles of motivational psychology, client-centered therapy, and the Transtheoretical Model, MI represents a general and practical approach for changing behaviors by enhancing and facilitating an individual's own internally motivated change process.
SBA includes the administration of scripted, brief cessation counseling that follows standard health care smoking cessation guidelines. The counseling covers the 5As and 5Rs. The 5As are: Ask about smoking or tobacco use, Advise all smokers to stop smoking, Assess willingness to quit, Assist with cessation, and Arrange for follow-up). The 5 R's are used by clinicians to help motivate participants who are not yet ready to change to quit smoking; they are Relevance - emphasize the benefits of quitting, Risks - inform the participant of the risks of continuing in smoking, Rewards - emphasize the benefits of quitting, Road Blocks - identify barriers to cessation, and, finally, Repetition or repeating the other four R's at every encounter.
Participants in both groups will receive 5 counseling sessions over 8 weeks with the respective intervention. Participants randomized to the MI condition will receive five 45-60 minute MI sessions over the course of 8 weeks; 3 sessions occur in the office and the last 2 can be either by telephone or in the office. Participants randomized to the SBA condition will receive five 15-30 minute didactic SBA sessions over the course of 8 weeks; 3 sessions occur in the office and the last 2 can be either by telephone or in the office. Research staff will offer participants in both groups smoking reduction and cessation materials including websites, printed materials, hotlines, referrals to smoking cessation counseling programs. Participants will complete follow-up assessments at 8, 12 and 24 weeks post baseline. Self-reported smoking cessation, recorded on timeline followback calendars, will be biochemically verified via saliva cotinine tests at follow-up assessment visits. Prior to enrolling participants for randomization, each MI counselor will be certified for competence by completing the full, manualized treatment with up to 10 pilot participants.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Motivational Interviewing (MI), Structured Brief Advice (SBA)
Lehigh Valley Hospital
Active, not recruiting
Pennsylvania Department of Health
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:42:20-0400
This study's objective was to test the efficacy, acceptability and feasibility of a motivational interviewing (MI) based smoking cessation intervention with nurses.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether or not motivational interviewing is effective in smoking cessation at general practice setting in China.
The intervention to be studied is a smoking cessation program offered to newly diagnosed cancer patients at their first consultation for treatment at an oncological hospital department.
Primary care centers can play a very important role in helping people to stop smoking. There is a large body of research on the effectiveness of specific interventions especially addressed...
To our knowledge, no study has evaluated the independent effects of motivational interviewing and rate reduction, individually versus in combination, for motivating smokers who are not rea...
Hookah smoking during pregnancy is a health concern which requires effective interventions. Thus, the authors have aimed to evaluate the effect of motivational interviewing on craving and dependence o...
To compare voice-activated internet searches by smartphone (two digital assistants) with laptop ones for information and advice related to smoking cessation.
Dentists can offer their patients who smoke tobacco assistance with smoking cessation. We conducted this study to assess dental patient knowledge about the effects of smoking and perceptions and attit...
Physicians do not adequately use their unique professional privilege to prevent patients from smoking. The aim of this study was to investigate the type and extent of advice given to patients by physi...
Motivational interviewing (MI) has been used in consultation settings to motivate hearing aid users to increase hearing aid usage. However, the effect of MI on those who use their hearing aids only ra...
It is a client-centered, directive method for eliciting intrinsic motivation to change using open-ended questions, reflective listening, and decisional balancing. This nonjudgmental, nonconfrontational interviewing style is designed to minimize a patient's resistance to change by creating an interaction that supports open discussion of risky or problem behavior.
A decrease in the incidence and frequency of SMOKING. Smoking reduction differs from SMOKING CESSATION in that the smoker continues to smoke albeit at a lesser frequency without quitting.
Motivational state produced by inconsistencies between simultaneously held cognitions or between a cognition and behavior; e.g., smoking enjoyment and believing smoking is harmful are dissonant.
Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.
Cessation of the habit of using tobacco products for smoking or chewing, including the use of snuff.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Of all the types of Dementia, Alzheimer's disease is the most common, affecting around 465,000 people in the UK. Neurons in the brain die, becuase 'plaques' and 'tangles' (mis-folded proteins) form in the brain. People with Al...