Advertisement

Topics

Effectiveness of a Church-Based Program at Increasing Physical Activity and Healthy Dietary Habits in African Americans

2014-08-27 03:42:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Obese African Americans are at risk for diseases such as diabetes, cancer, and heart disease. Church-based interventions have the potential to positively influence the health habits and behaviors of a large percentage of African Americans. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a church-based program that emphasizes increased physical activity and healthy dietary habits among members of predominately African American churches in South Carolina.

Description

Many obesity-related diseases, including diabetes, cancer, and heart disease, occur more frequently in ethnic minorities than in Caucasians. African Americans have an extremely high church attendance rate, making church-based interventions a viable method to reach a wide audience and positively influence health habits and behaviors. The most effective way to prevent or reverse the effects of obesity is through weight loss, which can be accomplished by increasing physical activity and following a low fat and low sodium diet that emphasizes fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Few programs have been developed that have specifically examined the effects of a church-based physical activity and dietary intervention. This study will encourage church leaders to assist in the development of a health promotion program that will incorporate the church's social, cultural, and policy influences. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention on increasing physical activity, improving blood pressure levels, and promoting healthy dietary habits among church members. The importance of pastor support and participation will be evaluated, and the results from this study may be used to develop additional church-based interventions across a larger geographic area.

In Year 1 of this 5-year study, representatives from the Palmetto Conference of the African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church and three state universities in South Carolina will participate in monthly planning sessions to develop the intervention. Local health committees and church pastors and cooks will be trained to implement the program. The 18-month intervention will occur in three waves; where at least 60 churches will be randomly assigned to participate in either the immediate intervention or delayed intervention. The program will emphasize increased physical activity and the adaptation of a healthy diet that includes low fat and low sodium foods, fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. At baseline and Month 18, blood pressure will be measured, and physical activity levels and fruit and vegetable intake will be assessed for some church members. Additionally, throughout the study, some participants will wear an accelerometer, which is a small device that measures physical activity levels.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Obesity

Intervention

Physical Activity and Dietary Health Promotion Program

Location

African Methodist Episcopal Churches in South Carolina
Lane
South Carolina
United States
29564

Status

Recruiting

Source

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:42:22-0400

Clinical Trials [5692 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

School Based Health Promotion Program in Secondary Schools

The purpose of the study is to determine whether a school based health promotion program in secondary schools is effective with respect to an increase of physical activity, physical fitnes...

Referral From Primary Health Care Centers to a Physical Activity Program. A Randomized Controlled Trial

Declining physical activity and the associated rising burden of disease is a major public-health problem and it has long been known that being physically active has positive health effects...

Populational Program of Physical Activity and Healthy Eating Promotion: the "Life of Health" Study

This is a population-based "natural experiment" study aimed to examine the effect of a multi-approach intervention focused on physical activity and healthy eating promotion to individuals ...

Workplace-Sponsored Program to Reduce Obesity

The purpose of this study is to design a comprehensive nutrition and physical activity strategy to gain a broad understanding of the social and cultural role of food and physical activity ...

Strategies to Promote Physical Activity

Getting regular physical activity has many health benefits. Current physical activity programs often encourage people to track their physical activity as a way to motivate them to continue...

PubMed Articles [33094 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

A kindergarten-based child health promotion program: the Adapted National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Mission X for improving physical fitness in South Korea.

Effective and sustainable intervention programs are needed to promote physical activity (PA) in children.

Using the CDC's Worksite Health ScoreCard as a Framework to Examine Worksite Health Promotion and Physical Activity.

Worksite health promotion programs are emerging as an effective approach for addressing the adult obesity epidemic and improving the overall health of employees.

What's Physical Activity Got to Do With It? Social Trends in Less Active Students at Recess.

Public health concerns regarding childhood obesity and sedentary behavior make investigations of children's physical activity (PA) promotion crucial. School recess, a highly discretional time, plays a...

Impact of the Coordinated Approach to Child Health Early Childhood Program for Obesity Prevention among Preschool Children: The Texas Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration Study.

This study presents the impact of a 2-year implementation of Coordinated Approach to Child Health Early Childhood (CATCH EC), a preschool-based healthy nutrition and physical activity program, on chil...

Comments on: Improving physical fitness and health status perception in community-dwelling older adults through a structured program for physical activity promotion in the city of Naples, Italy: A randomized controlled trial.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.

The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.

Nurses whose goal is to improve health and quality of life in a population or community through the prevention and treatment of disease and other physical and mental health conditions, the surveillance of cases and health indicators, and the promotion of healthy behaviors through public education and awareness.

Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.

Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.

More From BioPortfolio on "Effectiveness of a Church-Based Program at Increasing Physical Activity and Healthy Dietary Habits in African Americans"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topics

Obesity
Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...

Cancer Disease
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...


Searches Linking to this Trial