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Lumbar to Sacral Ventral Nerve Re-Routing

2014-07-23 21:35:17 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To assess the level of improvement in voiding function after lumbar to sacral ventral nerve re-routing procedure in Spinal Cord Injury and spina bifida patients

Description

Spinal cord injury (SCI) and spina bifida is a source of irreversible injury to the spinal cord often resulting in paralysis and loss of sensation below the waist. The inability to urinate normally is a consequence of both conditions (neurogenic voiding dysfunction). In spina bifida and spinal cord injury, the nerve that controls the bladder and sphincter (the muscle that squeezes the bladder neck to prevent leaking) may no longer work properly resulting in patients who cannot urinate or are constantly wet.

Most patients will maintain high pressures in their bladder and these elevated pressures will eventually take its toll by causing recurrent urinary tract infections, backup of urine to the kidneys, and marked dilatation of possible further damage to the kidneys. Many patients eventually suffer from irreversible renal (kidney) damage, where dialysis or kidney transplant is the only way to sustain life.

Spinal bifida (present at birth) and SCI (occurs most often early in the fourth decade of life) predominately affect young individuals and longevity and quality of life may be greatly reduced by the presence of bladder, bowel, and sexual dysfunction. In the recent past, medications and catheters were the only way to help cord injured patients empty their bladders. Although clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) provides good maintenance results, medications can help conserve low bladder pressures, and antibiotics sustain an infection free urinary tract, these are difficult bladder management programs to uphold. They are expensive, time consuming, and outcomes are inconsistent.

A new surgical procedure has potential for treatment of spinal cord injuries/ spinal bifida. Recently, Dr. Chuan-Guo Xiao from China developed a surgical procedure of rewiring the nerves in the spinal cord to gain better control of urination and avoid complications of neurogenic bladder. The procedure reconnects live wires (nerves) to dead wires.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Urinary Incontinence

Intervention

lumbar to sacral ventral nerve re-routing procedure

Location

William Beaumont Hospital
Royal Oak
Michigan
United States
48073

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

William Beaumont Hospitals

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:35:17-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A nerve which originates in the lumbar and sacral spinal cord (L4 to S3) and supplies motor and sensory innervation to the lower extremity. The sciatic nerve, which is the main continuation of the sacral plexus, is the largest nerve in the body. It has two major branches, the TIBIAL NERVE and the PERONEAL NERVE.

The lumbar and sacral plexuses taken together. The fibers of the lumbosacral plexus originate in the lumbar and upper sacral spinal cord (L1 to S3) and innervate the lower extremities.

The medial terminal branch of the sciatic nerve. The tibial nerve fibers originate in lumbar and sacral spinal segments (L4 to S2). They supply motor and sensory innervation to parts of the calf and foot.

An ANTIMUSCARINIC AGENT selective for the MUSCARINIC RECEPTORS of the BLADDER that is used in the treatment of URINARY INCONTINENCE and URINARY URGE INCONTINENCE.

The lower part of the SPINAL CORD consisting of the lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal nerve roots.

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