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The Efficacy of Midazolam & Ketamine Versus Midazolam & Fentanyl for Sedation in Ambulatory Colonoscopies

2014-08-27 03:42:29 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Providing adequate sedation and analgesia is an integral part of the practice of colonoscopy procedure.

There are various protocols and methods used to prevent discomfort and alleviate pain. Conscious sedation is one of the options recommended by the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, although the choice of the exact protocol is left to the physician's discretion.

This study will attempt to recommend a preferred protocol based on a double blind randomized prospective method.

The efficacy of midazolam and ketamine will be compared to the efficacy of midazolam and fentanyl for sedation in ambulatory colonoscopies.

The results will be compiled from objective data and patient and physician interviews.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Colonoscopy

Intervention

Midazolam, Fentanyl, KETAMINE, MIDAZOLAM

Location

Soroka Medical Center
Beer Sheva
Israel
84101

Status

Completed

Source

Soroka University Medical Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:42:29-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A short-acting hypnotic-sedative drug with anxiolytic and amnestic properties. It is used in dentistry, cardiac surgery, endoscopic procedures, as preanesthetic medication, and as an adjunct to local anesthesia. The short duration and cardiorespiratory stability makes it useful in poor-risk, elderly, and cardiac patients. It is water-soluble at pH less than 4 and lipid-soluble at physiological pH.

A cytochrome P-450 monooxygenase that is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway by oxidizing a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including STEROIDS; FATTY ACIDS; and XENOBIOTICS. This enzyme has clinical significance due to its ability to metabolize a diverse array of clinically important drugs such as CYCLOSPORINE; VERAPAMIL; and MIDAZOLAM. This enzyme also catalyzes the N-demethylation of ERYTHROMYCIN.

A cyclohexanone derivative used for induction of anesthesia. Its mechanism of action is not well understood, but ketamine can block NMDA receptors (RECEPTORS, N-METHYL-D-ASPARTATE) and may interact with sigma receptors.

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A hallucinogen formerly used as a veterinary anesthetic, and briefly as a general anesthetic for humans. Phencyclidine is similar to KETAMINE in structure and in many of its effects. Like ketamine, it can produce a dissociative state. It exerts its pharmacological action through inhibition of NMDA receptors (RECEPTORS, N-METHYL-D-ASPARTATE). As a drug of abuse, it is known as PCP and Angel Dust.

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