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To evaluate the safety and efficacy of subcutaneous administration of omacetaxine mepesuccinate (HHT) in achieving a clinical response in CML patients in chronic, accelerated, or blast phase who have failed prior imatinib therapy and have the T315I kinase domain gene mutation.
Point mutations within the ABL kinase domain of the BCR-ABL gene are emerging as the most frequent mechanism for resistance to imatinib and resultant reactivation of kinase activity. The risk of mutation development is particularly high in patients who are beyond chronic phase, as well as those with a long duration of disease prior to imatinib therapy.
The T315I kinase domain (KD) point mutation has merited particular attention, as T315I expressing CML cells are markedly resistant to imatinib. CML patients with the T315I KD mutation, therefore, do not respond to continued treatment with imatinib, and preliminary clinical data indicate that neither of two newer tyrosine kinase inhibitors will have activity in patients with T315I KD mutation either.
Omacetaxine mepesuccinate (HHT) is a potent inducer of apoptosis (programmed cell death) in myeloid cells and inhibits angiogenesis (blood vessel formation). In Phase 2 studies, HHT has demonstrated clinical activity in patients with CML, both as a single agent and in-combination with other chemotherapeutic drugs. HHT works via a different mechanism than imatinib or other tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI's), and HHT has been shown to inhibit in vitro CML cell lines which harbor the T315I KD mutation and are highly resistant to imatinib. Therefore, CML patients who have the T315I KD mutation may still respond to treatment with HHT. HHT may therefore be an attractive therapeutic option for patients with the T315I KD mutation.
On this basis, a multicenter clinical trial is being conducted of HHT therapy for CML patients who have failed prior imatinib therapy and have the T315I KD mutation.
Patients will be treated with an induction course consisting of subcutaneous (SC) HHT twice daily for 14 consecutive days every 28 days. Patients who demonstrate a response, may receive maintenance therapy for up to 24 months, consisting of subcutaneous (SC) HHT twice daily for 7 days every 28 days.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
USC / Norris Cancer Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:42:35-0400
A Phase II open-label trial of subcutaneous HHT (omacetaxine mepesuccinate) in the treatment of patients who are resistant to or intolerant to Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors.
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The phase of chronic myeloid leukemia following the chronic phase (LEUKEMIA, MYELOID, CHRONIC-PHASE), where there are increased systemic symptoms, worsening cytopenias, and refractory LEUKOCYTOSIS.
Clonal hematopoetic disorder caused by an acquired genetic defect in PLURIPOTENT STEM CELLS. It starts in MYELOID CELLS of the bone marrow, invades the blood and then other organs. The condition progresses from a stable, more indolent, chronic phase (LEUKEMIA, MYELOID, CHRONIC PHASE) lasting up to 7 years, to an advanced phase composed of an accelerated phase (LEUKEMIA, MYELOID, ACCELERATED PHASE) and BLAST CRISIS.
A myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disorder characterized by myelodysplasia associated with bone marrow and peripheral blood patterns similar to CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA, but cytogenetically lacking a PHILADELPHIA CHROMOSOME or bcr/abl fusion gene (GENES, ABL).
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The initial phase of chronic myeloid leukemia consisting of an relatively indolent period lasting from 4 to 7 years. Patients range from asymptomatic to those exhibiting ANEMIA; SPLENOMEGALY; and increased cell turnover. There are 5% or fewer blast cells in the blood and bone marrow in this phase.
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