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HERMES STUDY: Study on the Feasibility and Efficiency of Noninvasive Positive-Pressure Ventilation (NPPV) in Prehospital Care

2014-07-24 14:23:56 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is determine if NPPV can be performed in a pre-hospital setting very early after onset of dyspnea with a similar benefit in need of intubation and mortality as in previous study in hospital context and if early NPPV intervention have a real, rather standard medical therapy, value, both on objectively measured parameters and on patient's clinical status.

Description

Noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (NPPV) is increasingly being used in the care of patients suffering acute respiratory failure. High-level evidence supports the use of NPPV in this setting. With selected patients, NPPV decreases the rate of intubation, mortality and nosocomial infections. NPPV obviates intubation in > 50 % of appropriately selected patients. Both nasal and oronasal interfaces have been successfully used to apply NPPV, but the oronasal (or facial) interface is often used for acute respiratory failure. Any ventilator and ventilator mode can be used to apply NPPV, but in practice, portable pressure ventilators and pressure-support mode are most commonly used.

In acute setting, this therapy must be applied as soon as possible after the onset of problem. With our research team, we have demonstrated that NPPV can be used with success in an emergency department. In our experience, when NPPV was early used, part of the patients improved rapidly and was could be admitted to a general ward. An interesting fact is that the time to improve clinical situation is short and we can postulated than NPPV application in emergency department may be used as a "clinical triage". We have also demonstrated that early application of bi-level NPPV to patients with acute respiratory failure due to acute exacerbation of COPD or APO leads to a rapid improvement in clinical status and blood gases that differs substantially from the evolution of similar patients treated with conventional medical therapy and a placebo NPPV device.

Currently, we have very few data on the real utility to use of NPPV in Out-of-Hospital patients with acute respiratory failure managed by medical team of pre-hospital care despite the fact that this approach decreased the delay of application of a efficient ventilator support. A prior study of Craven and coll. has demonstrated that NPPV helps relieve dyspnea in patients with suspected congestive heart failure.

We can postulate that a shorter delay between onset of symptomatology and application of NPPV increased the part of selected patient with good clinical outcome (intubation, need of intensive care).

Comparisons :

Patients with COPD, APO with standard medical therapy + NPPV compared to patients with standard medical therapy alone in pre-hospital setting.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

ARF Secondary to COPD Exacerbation

Intervention

Noninvasive Positive-Pressure Ventilation (NPPV)

Location

Emergency Department; Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc
Brussels
Belgium
B1200

Status

Recruiting

Source

Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc- Université Catholique de Louvain

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:23:56-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase when the patient has an artificial airway in place and is connected to a ventilator.

Non-therapeutic positive end-expiratory pressure occurring frequently in patients with severe airway obstruction. It can appear with or without the administration of external positive end-expiratory pressure (POSITIVE-PRESSURE RESPIRATION). It presents an important load on the inspiratory muscles which are operating at a mechanical disadvantage due to hyperinflation. Auto-PEEP may cause profound hypotension that should be treated by intravascular volume expansion, increasing the time for expiration, and/or changing from assist mode to intermittent mandatory ventilation mode. (From Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1127)

Techniques for effecting the transition of the respiratory-failure patient from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation, while meeting the criteria that tidal volume be above a given threshold (greater than 5 ml/kg), respiratory frequency be below a given count (less than 30 breaths/min), and oxygen partial pressure be above a given threshold (PaO2 greater than 50mm Hg). Weaning studies focus on finding methods to monitor and predict the outcome of mechanical ventilator weaning as well as finding ventilatory support techniques which will facilitate successful weaning. Present methods include intermittent mandatory ventilation, intermittent positive pressure ventilation, and mandatory minute volume ventilation.

Ventilatory support system using frequencies from 60-900 cycles/min or more. Three types of systems have been distinguished on the basis of rates, volumes, and the system used. They are high frequency positive-pressure ventilation (HFPPV); HIGH-FREQUENCY JET VENTILATION; (HFJV); and high-frequency oscillation (HFO).

A method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.

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